magnesium sulfate (injection)

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GENERIC NAME: magnesium sulfate


DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Magnesium sulfate is a sterile solution of magnesium sulfate heptahydrate in water for injection. Magnesium sulfate prevents convulsions by blocking transmission between nerves and muscles. It also reduces the amount of t acetylcholine, a chemical that nerves use for communicating with other nerves and tissues.



PREPARATIONS: Intramuscular magnesium sulfate available in 500 mg/ml strength, in 2 ml, 10 ml, and 50 ml single-use vials.

Intravenous magnesium sulfate is available in 40mg/ml and 80mg/ml strengths. 40 mg/ml concentration is available in 50 ml, 100 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml single-dose, plastic containers. 80 mg/ml concentration is available in 50 ml partial-fill, single-dose, flexible plastic container.

STORAGE: Intramuscular magnesium sulfate injections are stored between 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F). Intravenous magnesium sulfate injections are stored between 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Magnesium sulfate is prescribed for hypomagnesemia, seizures with pre-eclampsia or eclampsia, and abnormal heart rhythm, Torsades de Pointes.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/24/2014

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