magnesium citrate (Citrate of Magnesia, Citroma)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

GENERIC NAME: magnesium citrate

BRAND NAME: Citrate of Magnesia, Citroma



USES: Magnesium citrate is used for bowel evacuation (bowel preparation or cleansing), constipation, and bowel irregularity.

SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects of magnesium citrate are:

PREPARATIONS: Liquid: 290 mg/ 5 ml. Tablet: 100 mg

Safe and effective use of magnesium citrate is not established for children under the age of 2.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Magnesium citrate should not be combined with medications like:

Magnesium citrate decreases absorption of these antibiotics and leads to decreased therapeutic effect.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/1/2016

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