Table of Contents
- Lyme disease facts
- What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
- What is the history of Lyme disease?
- What are risk factors for developing Lyme disease?
- What are Lyme disease symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose Lyme disease?
- What is the treatment for Lyme disease? What is the prognosis of Lyme disease?
- Is it possible to prevent Lyme disease? Is there a Lyme disease vaccine?
- What types of doctors treat Lyme disease?
- Where can people find more information about Lyme disease?
Quick GuideLyme Disease Symptoms, Rash, Treatments
What are risk factors for developing Lyme disease?
Lyme disease occurs most frequently in children 5-14 years of age and adults 40-50 years of age. The most substantial risk factor for Lyme disease is exposure to the ticks located in the high-risk areas of the country listed above, particularly in the New England states, as well as Minnesota and Wisconsin. Additional risk factors include recreational and occupational exposure to ticks and outdoor activities, including gardening, in woods, and fields in the high-risk areas. No transplacental transmission (congenital infection) of Lyme disease from the mother to the unborn child has ever been described. Again, Lyme disease is not contagious from one person to another.
Berende, Anneleen, et al. "Randomized Trial of Longer-Term Therapy for Symptoms Attributed to Lyme Disease." N Engl J Med 374 (2016): 1209-20.
Klippel, John H., et al., eds. Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. 13th ed. New York: Springer and Arthritis Foundation, 2008.
Shapiro, E.D. "Lyme Disease." N Engl J Med 370.18 (2014): 1724-1731.
1.CDC - James Gathany
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