Table of Contents
- Lyme disease facts
- What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
- What is the history of Lyme disease?
- What are risk factors for developing Lyme disease?
- What are Lyme disease symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose Lyme disease?
- What is the treatment for Lyme disease? What is the prognosis of Lyme disease?
- Is it possible to prevent Lyme disease? Is there a Lyme disease vaccine?
- What types of doctors treat Lyme disease?
- Where can people find more information about Lyme disease?
Quick GuideLyme Disease Symptoms, Rash, Treatments
What is the history of Lyme disease?
Interestingly, the disease only became apparent in 1975 when mothers of a group of children who lived near each other in Lyme, Conn., made researchers aware that their children had all been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. This unusual grouping of illness that appeared "rheumatoid" eventually led researchers to the identification of the bacterial cause of the children's condition, what was then named "Lyme disease" in 1982.
The only vector for Lyme disease in the U.S. is the deer tick known as Ixodes scapularis. These ticks are carriers of the Lyme disease bacterium in their stomachs. The ticks then are vectors that can transmit the bacterium to humans with a tick bite. The number of cases of the disease in an area depends on the number of ticks present and how often the ticks are infected with the bacteria. In certain areas of New York, where Lyme disease is common, over half of the ticks are infected. Lyme disease has been reported most often in the northeastern United States, but it has been reported in all 50 states, as well as China, Europe, Japan, Australia, and parts of the former Soviet Union. In the United States, it is primarily contracted in the Northeast in the states from Maine to Maryland, in the Midwest in Minnesota and Wisconsin, and in the West in Oregon and Northern California.
Berende, Anneleen, et al. "Randomized Trial of Longer-Term Therapy for Symptoms Attributed to Lyme Disease." N Engl J Med 374 (2016): 1209-20.
Klippel, John H., et al., eds. Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. 13th ed. New York: Springer and Arthritis Foundation, 2008.
Shapiro, E.D. "Lyme Disease." N Engl J Med 370.18 (2014): 1724-1731.
1.CDC - James Gathany
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