Table of Contents
- Lyme disease facts
- What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
- What is the history of Lyme disease?
- What are risk factors for developing Lyme disease?
- What are Lyme disease symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose Lyme disease?
- What is the treatment for Lyme disease? What is the prognosis of Lyme disease?
- Is it possible to prevent Lyme disease? Is there a Lyme disease vaccine?
- What types of doctors treat Lyme disease?
- Where can people find more information about Lyme disease?
Quick GuideLyme Disease Symptoms, Rash, Treatments
What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is a bacterial illness caused by a bacterium called a "spirochete." In the United States, the actual name of the bacterium is Borrelia burgdorferi. In Europe, the bacteria Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii also cause Lyme disease. Certain ticks frequently found on deer from various locations harbor the bacterium in their stomachs. Lyme disease is spread by these ticks when they bite the skin, which permits the transmission of the bacterium through the skin to infect the body. So Lyme disease is a tick-borne disease. Lyme disease is not contagious from an affected person to someone else. Lyme disease can cause abnormalities in the skin, joints, heart, and nervous system.
Berende, Anneleen, et al. "Randomized Trial of Longer-Term Therapy for Symptoms Attributed to Lyme Disease." N Engl J Med 374 (2016): 1209-20.
Klippel, John H., et al., eds. Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. 13th ed. New York: Springer and Arthritis Foundation, 2008.
Shapiro, E.D. "Lyme Disease." N Engl J Med 370.18 (2014): 1724-1731.
1.CDC - James Gathany
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