Lung Cancer Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Lung Cancer. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Lung Cancer or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Swollen Lymph Nodes Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral,...learn more »
  • Bronchitis (Acute) Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...learn more »
  • Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Pleurisy, an inflammation of the lining around the lungs, is associated with sharp chest pain upon breathing in. Cough, chest...learn more »
  • Cough Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cough Article
    • Chronic cough facts
    • What is chronic cough?
    • What are causes of chronic cough?
    • What are the different types of coughs?
    • How is chronic cough treated?
    • Are there home remedies for chronic cough?
    • Can chronic cough be prevented?
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring throughout the lungs. Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by many conditions including chronic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Fibrosis Article
    • Pulmonary fibrosis facts
    • What is pulmonary fibrosis?
    • What causes pulmonary fibrosis?
    • What are symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis treated?
    • What are the complications of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Can pulmonary fibrosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Where can I get information to improve the quality of life for those with pulmonary fibrosis?
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications for ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for ascites?
  • Hoarseness Hoarseness (abnormal deep, harsh, raspy voice) is caused by a variety of conditions in which the larynx (voice box and vocal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hoarseness Article
    • Hoarseness facts
    • What is hoarseness?
    • What causes hoarseness?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hoarseness?
    • How are the causes of hoarseness diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hoarseness?
    • How is hoarseness prevented?
  • Chest Pain Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chest Pain Article
    • Chest pain facts
    • Chest pain introduction
    • What are the sources of chest pain?
    • What are the causes of chest pain?
    • How is chest pain diagnosed?
    • What is the philosophy of the approach to chest pain diagnosis?
    • What is the diagnosis and treatment for chest pain?
    • Broken or bruised ribs
    • Costochondritis
    • Pleuritis or pleurisy
    • Pneumothorax
    • Shingles
    • Pneumonia
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Angina and heart attack (myocardial infarction)
    • Pericarditis
    • Aorta and aortic dissection
    • Esophagus and reflux esophagitis
    • Referred abdominal pain
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke,...learn more »
    In This Article
    COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Article
    • COPD facts
    • What is the definition of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
    • What causes COPD?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
    • What increases your risk for developing COPD?
    • What are the four stages of COPD?
    • What other diseases or conditions contribute to COPD?
    • What kind of doctor treats COPD?
    • When to Seek Medical Care for COPD
    • How is COPD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for COPD?
    • What lifestyle changes (diet, exercise) and home remedies and care are recommended for people with COPD?
    • What medications treat COPD?
    • What other supplemental therapies help treat COPD complications and symptoms?
    • What surgery is available to treat COPD?
    • Can COPD be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with COPD?
  • Thyroid Cancer There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thyroid Cancer Article
    • Thyroid cancer facts*
    • What is the thyroid?
    • What is the thyroid cancer?
    • What causes thyroid cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for thyroid cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of thyroid cancer?
    • What are thyroid nodules?
    • What are the different types of thyroid cancer?
    • How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?
    • How is thyroid cancer staging determined?
    • What kinds of specialists treat thyroid cancer?
    • What is the treatment for thyroid cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Thyroid hormone
    • Radioactive iodine
    • Radiation
    • Chemotherapy
    • What kind of support is available for those with thyroid cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with thyroid cancer?
    • Can thyroid cancer be prevented?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Bone Cancer Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in cells that make up the bones. Primary bone cancer that arises in bone cells...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bone Cancer Article
    • What is bone cancer? What is metastatic bone cancer?
    • What are risk factors for bone cancer?
    • What causes bone cancer?
    • What are bone cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of bone cancer?
    • What kinds of bone cancer occur in children?
    • What tests are used to diagnose bone cancer?
    • What is the treatment for bone cancer?
    • What specialists treat bone cancer?
    • Are there any treatments or medications that relieve bone cancer pain?
    • What is the prognosis for bone cancer? What is the five-year survival rate for bone cancer?
    • Is it possible to prevent bone cancer?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the risk factors and causes of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies for depression?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Pleural Effusion Pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the chest or on the lungs. There are two types of pleural effusion, trandsudate and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleural Effusion Article
    • Pleural effusion definition
    • What are the causes of pleural effusion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pleural effusion?
    • What are the risk factors for pleural effusion?
    • How is pleural effusion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pleural effusion?
    • What are the complications of pleural effusion?
    • Can pleural effusion be prevented?
  • Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Article
    • Hypercalcemia facts
    • Hypercalcemia Introduction
    • What are the causes of hypercalcemia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia?
    • How is hypercalcemia diagnosed?
    • How is hypercalcemia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for hypercalcemia?
    • Can hypercalcemia be prevented?
  • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arsenic Poisoning Article
    • Arsenic facts
    • What is arsenic?
    • What is inorganic arsenic?
    • What is organic arsenic?
    • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
    • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
    • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
    • In what foods (rice), products (apple juice) , or liquids (water) is arsenic found, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
  • In This Article
    Interstitial Pneumonitis (Interstitial Lung Disease) Article
    • Interstitial lung disease facts
    • What is interstitial lung disease?
    • What causes interstitial lung disease?
    • What are signs and symptoms of interstitial lung disease?
    • How is interstitial lung disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for interstitial lung disease?
    • What is the prognosis for interstitial lung disease?
    • Can interstitial lung disease be prevented?
  • Cushing's Syndrome Cushing's syndrome, sometimes referred to as hypercortisolism, is a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure to high levels...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cushing's Syndrome Article
    • Cushing's syndrome facts*
    • What is Cushing's syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Cushing's syndrome?
    • What causes Cushing's syndrome?
    • How is Cushing's syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Cushing's syndrome treated?
    • What research is being done on Cushing's syndrome?
    • For more information
  • Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Prolactinoma is an adenoma (benign tumor) of the pituitary gland. Causes of many prolactinomas are unknown. Symptoms in women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Article
    • Prolactinoma facts
    • What is a prolactinoma (pituitary tumor)?
    • What is the normal function of prolactin?
    • What is the pituitary gland?
    • Where is the pituitary gland located?
    • What problems are caused by a pituitary tumor?
    • How common is a prolactinoma?
    • What are the types of prolactinomas?
    • What causes a prolactinoma?
    • What symptoms are caused by a prolactinoma?
    • Aside from a prolactinoma, what else can cause prolactin levels to rise?
    • How is a prolactinoma diagnosed?
    • What follow-up tests are done after a prolactinoma diagnosis?
    • What are the goals of treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How is a prolactinoma treated?
    • What medications are used to treat prolactinomas?
    • What is the surgical treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How do I choose a skilled neurosurgeon?
    • Does a prolactinoma affect pregnancy and oral contraceptives?
    • Do prolactinomas affect oral contraceptives?
    • Is osteoporosis a risk in women with high prolactin levels?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea or vomiting?
  • Dysphagia Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, swallowing problems. Dysphagia is due to problems in nerve or muscle control. It is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysphagia Article
    • Dysphagia facts
    • What is dysphagia?
    • What causes dysphagia?
    • Physical obstruction of the pharynx or esophagus
    • Diseases of the brain
    • Diseases of the smooth muscle of the esophagus
    • Diseases of skeletal muscle of the pharynx
    • Miscellaneous diseases
    • Swallowing-related symptoms
    • Non-swallowing-related
    • What is the differential diagnosis for dysphagia?
    • How is dysphagia evaluated and the cause diagnosed?
    • How is dysphagia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for dysphagia?
    • What does the future offer for dysphagia?
  • Hypoxia (Hypoxemia) Hypoxia is a condition in which the normal concentration of oxygen in the blood is not enough for normal life functions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypoxia (Hypoxemia) Article
    • Hypoxia and hypoxemia facts
    • What is hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • What causes hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • What are the symptoms of hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • How is hypoxia and/or hypoxemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hypoxia and/or hypoxemia?
    • Can hypoxia and/or hypoxemia be prevented?
  • Asbestos Asbestos exposure lung disease is divided into three main types, asbestosis (lung scarring caused by asbestos fibers), disease of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asbestos Article
    • Asbestos-related disorders facts
    • What is the definition of asbestos?
    • What are the types of asbestos-related lung disease?
    • What are the types of asbestos fibers?
    • What does fiber size have to do with asbestos-related lung disease?
    • What is asbestosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of asbestosis?
    • What tests and studies are used to evaluate asbestosis?
    • How is asbestosis treated?
    • What is pleural disease?
    • Does asbestos exposure cause lung cancer?
    • What is malignant mesothelioma?
    • What other cancers have been linked to asbestos exposure?
    • How can exposure to asbestos be reduced?
    • What kind of asbestos is used today?
  • Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Article
    • Smoker's lung introduction
    • What is the structure of the normal lung?
    • What processes determine normal function of the lung?
    • What are the abnormalities (diseases) in smoker's lung?
    • What happens to the lung in emphysema?
    • How does emphysema come about?
    • Why does smoker's lung look black?
    • What happens to the airways in chronic bronchitis?
    • Are smokers with COPD predisposed to developing pneumonia?
    • What about lung cancer in smokers?
    • Are any of the pulmonary consequences of smoking reversible?
    • From what do smokers die?
  • Tumor (Grade) Tumor grade is a system used to classify cancer cells in how likely the tumor is to grow, and how abnormal they look under a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tumor (Grade) Article
    • Tumor grade facts
    • What is a tumor?
    • What is tumor grade?
    • How is tumor grade determined?
    • What do the different tumor grades signify?
    • Does the same grading scale apply to all tumors?
    • Does tumor grade affect a patient's treatment options?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cigarette addiction?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • Nicotine patches
    • Nicorette gum
    • Nicotine lozenges
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How can nicotine-containing products be used safely?
    • What are e-cigarettes?
    • Is an e-cigarette harmful?
    • Is secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes harmful?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Cancer Risk Factors Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Risk Factors Article
    • Cancer risk factor facts*
    • What are cancer risk factors?
    • Growing older
    • Tobacco
    • Sunlight
    • Ionizing radiation
    • Certain chemicals and other substances
    • Some viruses and bacteria
    • Certain hormones
    • Family history of cancer
    • Alcohol
    • Poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight
  • Lung Anatomy The lungs are primarily responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and the blood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lung Anatomy Article
    • Lung anatomy facts
    • What does breathing accomplish?
    • What are the lungs?
    • What is the structure of the respiratory system?
    • How is air moved into and out of the lungs during respiration?
    • How does gas exchange occur?
    • What are other important events during the breathing cycle?
  • Mesothelioma Mesothelioma is a form of cancer that forms in the chest lining (pleural mesothelioma), abdomen (peritoneal mesothelioma), and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mesothelioma Article
    • Mesothelioma facts
    • What is mesothelioma?
    • What are the symptoms of mesothelioma?
    • What causes mesothelioma?
    • How much asbestos exposure does it take to get mesothelioma?
    • How long does it take after asbestos exposure for mesothelioma to show up?
    • How is mesothelioma diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for mesothelioma?
    • What is the treatment for mesothelioma?
    • Is there any promising research or are there promising drugs for mesothelioma?
    • What other kinds of information is available for people with mesothelioma?
  • Nicotine Nicotine is delivered to the brain through smoking, chewing, or sniffing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive agent. Common names...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nicotine Article
    • What is tobacco addiction?
    • Is nicotine addictive?
    • Is nicotine the only harmful part of tobacco?
    • How is tobacco used?
    • What are the common street names for cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and hookah smoking?
    • How many teens smoke or use tobacco products?
    • How does tobacco deliver its effects?
    • What happens when someone uses tobacco for long periods of time?
    • What are other adverse health effects of smoking and tobacco abuse?
    • Smoking and pregnancy: What are the risks?
    • How is tobacco addiction treated?
    • What if a person wants to quit smoking or using tobacco?
  • Radon (A Citizen's Guide to Radon) Radon is a radioactive gas that has been confirmed to cause cancers. About 21,000 individuals die each year due to radon...learn more »
    In This Article
    Radon (A Citizen's Guide to Radon) Article
    • Radon Facts*
    • EPA Recommendations for Radon
    • Overview About Radon
    • How Does Radon Get Into Your Home?
    • How to Test Your Home for Radon
    • Short-term Testing for Radon
    • Long-term Testing for Radon
    • How to Use a Radon Test Kit
    • What Your Test Results Mean
    • Radon and Home Sales
    • Radon in Water
    • How to Lower the Radon Levels in Your Home
    • The Risk of Living With Radon
    • Radon Risk Charts
    • Radon Myths
    • For Further Information
  • Secondhand Smoke Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Secondhand Smoke Article
    • Secondhand smoke facts
    • What is secondhand smoke?
    • What causes secondhand smoke?
    • What are the health risks of secondhand smoke?
    • Lung cancer and secondhand smoke
    • Cardiovascular disease and secondhand smoke
    • Other lung diseases and secondhand smoke
    • Secondhand smoke and other effects on children
    • Secondhand smoke and the effects on pregnant women
    • Secondhand smoke and the possible link to breast cancer
    • Is there a safe level of secondhand smoke?
    • What can be done about secondhand smoke exposure?
    • What is thirdhand smoke?
  • Cancer Fatigue Cancer fatigue is a lack of energy that is caused by cancer or cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation, biological...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Fatigue Article
    • Introduction to cancer fatigue
    • What causes cancer-related fatigue?
    • What other factors contribute to fatigue?
    • What can I do to combat fatigue?
    • How does nutrition impact energy level?
    • How does exercise impact energy level?
    • How can I manage my stress?
    • When should I call my doctor?
  • Cancer Prevention Certain behavioral, lifestyle, and environmental factors contribute to cancer. Cancer prevention involves modifying these factors...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Prevention Article
    • What is cancer prevention?
    • Carcinogenesis
    • Cancer Risk factors
    • Factors That are Known to Increase the Risk of Cancer
    • Factors That May Affect the Risk of Cancer
    • Interventions that are known to lower cancer risk
    • Interventions that are not known to lower cancer risk
  • e-Cigarettes e-cigarettes are replaceable or refillable cartridges or containers that are smokable and hold a liquid that contains solvents,...learn more »
    In This Article
    e-Cigarettes Article
    • What are e-cigarettes?
    • Do e-cigarettes contain nicotine?
    • Are e-cigarettes safe to use, and what are the side effects?
    • Do e-cigarettes expel secondhand smoke?
    • Do e-cigarettes help with smoking cessation?
    • Are e-cigarettes addictive?
    • How many people use e-cigarettes?