Lump or Mass on Gums

Symptom Checker: Symptoms & Signs Index

Medical Author:

Related
Symptoms & Signs

The presence of a lump, or mass, on the gums can be indicative of several different conditions. An infection, such as a bacterial infection or localized abscess, can present as a mass on the gums. Oral cancers (mouth or gum cancer) or tumors of the teeth or jaw are rarer causes of a mass on the gums. Traumatic injuries and canker sores are some of the more common causes of a mass on the gums. Sometimes, the hormonal changes of pregnancy can cause a small lump or bump to form near the gum line, known as a pyogenic granuloma or granuloma gravidarum.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/28/2014

Health concern on your mind? Visit the Symptom Checker.

REFERENCES:

Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.

Goldman, Kim E. "Mandibular Cysts and Odontogenic Tumors." eMedicine.com. May 20, 2009. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/852734-overview>.

Stephen, James M. "Gingivitis." eMedicine.com. Nov. 23, 2009. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/763801-overview>.

Causes of Lump or Mass on Gums
    • Abscessed Tooth An abscessed tooth is an infection within a tooth that has spread to the root. Symptoms of an abscessed tooth may include pain,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Abscessed Tooth Article
      • What is an abscessed tooth?
      • What causes an abscessed tooth?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of an abscessed tooth?
      • How is an abscessed tooth diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for an abscessed tooth?
      • What is the prognosis for an abscessed tooth?
      • Are home remedies effective for an abscessed tooth?
      • Can an abscessed tooth be prevented?
    • Boils A boil is a skin abscess, a collection of pus localized deep in the skin. There are several different types of boils. Among them...learn more »
      In This Article
      Boils Article
      • Boils facts
      • What is a boil? What are the symptoms and signs of a boil?
      • What causes boils to form?
      • Who is most likely to develop a boil?
      • How are boils diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a boil?
      • When should I seek medical attention for a boil?
      • What is the prognosis (outcome) for a boil?
      • What can be done to prevent boils (abscesses)?
    • Canker Sores Canker sore is a small ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth. Canker sores are one of the most common problems that occur in...learn more »
      In This Article
      Canker Sores Article
      • Canker sores facts
      • What are canker sores?
      • What are symptoms and signs of canker sores?
      • What are the causes of canker sores?
      • Are canker sores the same thing as fever blisters?
      • What is the treatment for canker sores?
      • What kind of topical medications (gels or ointments) are available for canker sores?
      • Can mouthwash solutions be used to treat canker sores?
      • What oral medications are available to help canker sores?
      • What should I do if I get canker sores frequently?
    • Cyst Cysts are sac-like structures that may be filled with gas, liquid, or solid materials. Cysts may produce symptoms depending on...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cyst Article
      • Cyst facts
      • What is a cyst?
      • What causes a cyst?
      • What are the different types of cysts?
      • What are risk factors for a cyst?
      • What are cyst symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose a cyst?
      • What is the treatment for a cyst?
      • What is the prognosis of a cyst?
      • Is it possible to prevent a cyst?
    • Gardner's Syndrome (Familial Adenomatous Polyposis) Gardners' syndrome, or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), is an inherited condition in which cancer of the colon and rectum...learn more »
      In This Article
      Gardner's Syndrome (Familial Adenomatous Polyposis) Article
      • What is familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • How common is familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • What genes are related to familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • How do people inherit familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • Where can I find information about treatment for familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • What other names do people use for familial adenomatous polyposis?
    • Gum Disease Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease...learn more »
      In This Article
      Gum Disease Article
      • What is gum disease (gingivitis)?
      • What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontital disease?
      • What causes gum disease?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of gum disease?
      • How is gum disease diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for gum disease?
      • Are home remedies or natural treatments effective for gum disease?
      • Can gum disease be reversed?
      • Is gum disease associated with other health problems?
      • How is gum disease managed in children?
      • How is gum disease managed in pregnancy?
      • Can gum disease be prevented?
      • Is gum disease contagious?
    • Oral Cancer The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches...learn more »
      In This Article
      Oral Cancer Article
      • Oral cancer facts*
      • What is the oral cavity?
      • What is cancer?
      • Who's at risk for oral cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of oral cancer?
      • How is oral cancer diagnosed?
      • How is oral cancer treated?
      • Methods of treatment
      • What are the side effects of treatment for oral cancer?
      • What is rehabilitation for oral cancer?
      • What happens after treatment for oral cancer?
      • What does the future hold for patients with oral cancer?
      • What resources are available to patients with oral cancer?
    • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
      • Pregnancy facts*
      • Introduction
      • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
      • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
      • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
      • How will my baby develop week by week?
      • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
      • Body aches
      • Breast changes
      • Constipation
      • Dizziness
      • Fatigue, sleep problems
      • Heartburn and indigestion
      • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
      • Itching
      • Leg cramps
      • Morning sickness
      • Nasal problems
      • Numb or tingling hands
      • Stretch marks, skin changes
      • Swelling
      • Urinary frequency and leaking
      • Varicose veins
Other Causes of Lump or Mass on Gums
  • Abscess
  • Bacterial Infection
  • Congenital Gingival Epulis
  • Excessively Hard Toothbrushing
  • Gingival Granular Cell Tumor
  • Medications
  • Odontogenic Keratocyst
  • Odontoma
  • Poorly Fitting Dentures
  • Poor Oral Hygiene
  • Pyogenic Granuloma
  • Trauma to the Mouth and/or Gums


Symptoms & Signs A-Z List