Low Back Pain Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Low Back Pain. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Low Back Pain or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Sciatica Sciatica pain, caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve, typically radiates from the low back to behind the thigh to below the...learn more »
  • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Stones Article
    • Kidney stone facts
    • What is a kidney stone?
    • Who is at risk for kidney stones?
    • What causes kidney stones?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones?
    • How are kidney stones diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for kidney stones? How long does it take to pass a kidney stone?
    • Can kidney stones be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for kidney stones?
  • Endometriosis Endometriosis implants are most commonly found on the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endometriosis Article
    • Endometriosis facts
    • What is endometriosis?
    • Who is affected by endometriosis?
    • What causes endometriosis?
    • What are endometriosis symptoms?
    • Endometriosis and cancer risk
    • How is endometriosis diagnosed?
    • How is endometriosis treated?
    • Medical treatment of endometriosis
    • Surgical treatment of endometriosis
    • Treatment of infertility associated with endometriosis
  • Pinched Nerve A pinched nerve causes pain, numbness, or tingling in the affected area due to pressure on a nerve. Caral tunnel and sciatica are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinched Nerve Article
    • What is a pinched nerve?
    • What are the risk factors for a pinched nerve?
    • What causes a pinched nerve?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a pinched nerve?
    • How is a pinched nerve diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a pinched nerve?
    • What is the prognosis for a pinched nerve?
    • Can a pinched nerve be prevented?
  • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cancer Article
    • Pancreatic cancer facts
    • What is the pancreas, and what is the function of the pancreas?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is pancreatic cancer?
    • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of pancreatic cancer?
    • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
    • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
    • What are the side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis of pancreatic cancer?
    • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
    • Is complimentary or alternative medicine effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • Can pancreatic cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Ovarian Cysts Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled, sac-like structures within an ovary. Causes of ovarian cysts are numerous. Symptoms of an ovarian...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ovarian Cysts Article
    • Ovarian cysts facts
    • What is the ovary and what are ovarian cysts?
    • What causes ovarian cysts?
    • What symptoms are caused by ovarian cysts?
    • How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?
    • How can the physician decide if an ovarian cyst is dangerous?
    • How are ovarian cysts treated?
    • What are the risks of ovarian cysts during pregnancy?
  • Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus and are usually round or semi-round in shape. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Article
    • Uterine fibroids facts
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What causes uterine fibroids and how common are they?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?
    • Do untreated uterine fibroids pose a risk?
    • What are the usual ways of diagnosing uterine fibroids?
    • What is the treatment for uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for fibroids
    • Medical treatment for fibroids
    • What are the risks of uterine fibroids during pregnancy?
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Article
    • What are the sacroiliac (SI) joints?
    • What is sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are the causes of sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are sacroiliac joint dysfunction symptoms?
    • How is sacroiliac joint dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • How can sacroiliac joint dysfunction be prevented?
  • Coccydynia (Tailbone Pain) Coccydynia is an inflammation of the bony area (tailbone or coccyx) located between the buttocks. Coccydynia is associated with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coccydynia (Tailbone Pain) Article
    • Coccydynia facts
    • What is coccydynia?
    • What causes coccydynia?
    • What are risk factors for coccydynia?
    • What are coccydynia symptoms and signs?
    • How is coccydynia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for coccydynia?
    • What is the prognosis for coccydynia?
    • Is it possible to prevent coccydynia?
  • Scoliosis Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scoliosis Article
    • Scoliosis facts
    • What is scoliosis?
    • What causes scoliosis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of scoliosis?
    • How is scoliosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scoliosis?
    • What is the prognosis for scoliosis?
    • Is there a cure for scoliosis?
    • Where can people get more information on scoliosis?
  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a ballooning or widening of the main artery (the aorta) as it courses down through the abdomen. Most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Article
    • Abdominal aortic aneurysm facts
    • What is an aneurysm?
    • What is an aortic aneurysm?
    • What is the thoracic and abdominal aorta?
    • Where do aortic aneurysms tend to develop?
    • What shape are most aortic aneurysms?
    • What is inside an aortic aneurysm?
    • Who is most likely to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What are risk factors for aortic aneurysms?
    • What is the most common cause of aortic aneurysms?
    • What are other causes of aortic aneurysms?
    • What are the symptoms of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • How is an abdominal aortic aneurysm diagnosed clinically?
    • What tests help in the diagnosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What is the natural history of abdominal aortic aneurysms?
    • What are the complications with an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • How are abdominal aortic aneurysms repaired?
    • What is done if an abdominal aortic aneurysm threatens to rupture?
    • What is the medical management (nonsurgical management) of abdominal aortic aneurysm?
  • Blood In Semen Blood in semen is also known as hematospermia. Blood in semen can be caused by many conditions affecting the tubes that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood In Semen Article
    • Blood in semen facts
    • What is blood in the semen?
    • What are the causes of blood in the semen?
    • What are the symptoms of blood in the semen?
    • How is blood in the semen evaluated?
    • How is blood in the semen treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with blood in the semen?
  • Shingles Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other symptoms include headache, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles Article
    • Shingles facts
    • What is shingles? What does shingles look like?
    • What causes shingles?
    • What are risk factors for shingles?
    • What is the contagious period for shingles?
    • What are shingles symptoms and signs?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles?
    • Are there any home remedies for shingles?
    • What is the duration of a shingles outbreak?
    • What are complications of shingles?
    • What can be done for recurrent shingles?
    • What is the prognosis of shingles?
    • Is it possible to prevent shingles with a vaccine?
  • Osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Potential causes include injections around the bone, fractures that puncture the skin,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteomyelitis Article
    • Osteomyelitis facts
    • What is osteomyelitis?
    • What causes osteomyelitis?
    • What are osteomyelitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is osteomyelitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for osteomyelitis?
    • What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ankylosing Spondylitis Article
    • Ankylosing spondylitis facts
    • What is ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What causes ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is ankylosing spondylitis diagnosed?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis treatment options?
    • Can ankylosing spondylitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What is in the future for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • Where can people find more information about ankylosing spondylitis and learn about support groups?
  • Radiculopathy Radiculopathy, a condition in which a nerve or nerves along the spine are compressed causing pain, numbness, weakenss, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Radiculopathy Article
    • Radiculopathy facts
    • What is radiculopathy?
    • What are the risk factors for radiculopathy?
    • What are the causes of radiculopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of radiculopathy?
    • How is radiculopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for radiculopathy?
    • Can radiculopathy be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for radiculopathy?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Arthritis Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arthritis Article
    • Arthritis facts
    • What is arthritis? What causes arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for arthritis?
    • What are arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • Who is affected by arthritis?
    • How is arthritis diagnosed, and why is a diagnosis important?
    • What is the treatment for arthritis?
    • Is there a special diet for arthritis?
    • What are the prognosis (outlook) for arthritis, and what are arthritis complications?
    • Can arthritis be prevented?
    • What is a rheumatologist?
    • What is the Arthritis Foundation?
  • Pain Management Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management Article
    • Introduction to pain management
    • How is pain treatment guided?
    • What are the basic types of pain?
    • Nociceptive pain
    • Neuropathic pain
    • What are other causes of pain?
  • Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica Degenerative disc disease makes the disc more susceptible to herniation (rupture) which can lead to localized or radiating pain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica Article
    • Degenerative disc disease and sciatica facts
    • How is the spine designed?
    • What is the purpose of the spine and its discs?
    • What causes degenerative disc disease?
    • What are the symptoms of degenerative disc disease?
    • What are radiculopathy and sciatica? What are the symptoms?
    • How are degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica diagnosed?
    • How is radiculopathy treated?
    • What is bony encroachment and spinal stenosis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) of degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica?
    • Can degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica be prevented?
  • Spondylolisthesis The five types of spondylolisthesis include 1) dysplastic, 2) isthmic, 3) degenerative, 4) traumatic, and 5) pathologic. The most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spondylolisthesis Article
    • Spondylolisthesis facts
    • What is spondylolisthesis?
    • What causes spondylolisthesis?
    • What are the risk factors for spondylolisthesis?
    • What are the symptoms of spondylolisthesis?
    • How is spondylolisthesis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for spondylolisthesis?
    • Can spondylolisthesis be prevented?
    • What are the complications of spondylolisthesis?
    • What is the outlook for spondylolisthesis?
  • Psoriatic Arthritis Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that causes skin and joint inflammation. Symptoms include painful, stiff, and swollen joints,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Psoriatic Arthritis Article
    • Psoriatic arthritis facts
    • What is psoriatic arthritis?
    • What causes psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are psoriatic arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How does the doctor diagnose psoriatic arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for psoriatic arthritis?
    • Disease-modifying medications
    • What are complications of psoriatic arthritis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with psoriatic arthritis?
    • Can psoriatic arthritis be prevented?
    • Is there a psoriatic arthritis diet?
    • What does the future hold for patients with psoriatic arthritis?
  • Paget's Disease Paget's disease is a chronic bone disorder due to irregular breakdown and formation of bone tissue. Symptoms of Paget's disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paget's Disease Article
    • Paget's disease facts
    • What is Paget's disease?
    • What causes Paget's disease?
    • What are Paget's disease symptoms?
    • How is Paget's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Paget's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Paget's disease?
    • Who discovered Paget's disease?
    • Where can I find more information about Paget's disease?
  • Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized....learn more »
    In This Article
    Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Article
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) facts
    • What are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • What causes a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are risk factors for vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • How are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • How do physicians diagnose vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infections?
    • What is the treatment for a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are the complications of VRE infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • What precautions should people take when tending to someone with a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What research is being done on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • Where can people find more information on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public-health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements
    • Vitamin D
    • Hormone therapy (menopausal hormone therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis due to long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. Also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoarthritis Article
    • Osteoarthritis facts
    • What is osteoarthritis?
    • What causes osteoarthritis?
    • What are osteoarthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is osteoarthritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for osteoarthritis?
    • "If I have minimal or no symptoms with early signs of osteoarthritis, what should I do?"
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoarthritis?
    • Can osteoarthritis be prevented?
    • What does the future hold for osteoarthritis?
    • Where can people get more information about osteoarthritis?
  • Herniated Disc A herniated disc may be caused by injury or degeneration from age. Symptoms depend on the location of the herniation and whether...learn more »
    In This Article
    Herniated Disc Article
    • Herniated disc facts
    • How are the spine and its discs designed?
    • What is a herniated disc? What causes it?
    • What are symptoms of a herniated disc?
    • How is a herniated disc diagnosed?
    • How is a herniated disc treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for a herniated disc?
    • Can a herniated disc be prevented?
  • Cauda Equina Syndrome Cauda equina syndrome is a medical emergency condition that is caused by the uncommon compression of the nerves at the end of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cauda Equina Syndrome Article
    • Cauda equina syndrome facts
    • What is cauda equina syndrome?
    • What are the causes of cauda equina syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of cauda equina syndrome?
    • How is cauda equina syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cauda equina syndrome?
    • Can cauda equina syndrome be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for cauda equina syndrome?
  • Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH or Forestier's disease) is a form of degenerative arthritis. It is characterized...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Article
    • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) facts
    • What is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What causes diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • How is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • Can diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis be prevented?
  • Reactive Arthritis Reactive arthritis is a chronic, systemic rheumatic disease characterized by three conditions, including conjunctivitis, joint...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reactive Arthritis Article
    • Reactive arthritis facts
    • What is reactive arthritis?
    • What causes reactive arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing reactive arthritis?
    • What are reactive arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is reactive arthritis diagnosed?
    • How is reactive arthritis treated?
    • What is the prognosis of reactive arthritis?
    • Can reactive arthritis be prevented?
    • What does the future hold for reactive arthritis?
  • Typhus Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhus Article
    • Typhus facts
    • What is typhus? Are there different types of typhus?
    • What is the history of typhus?
    • What causes typhus? How is typhus transmitted?
    • What are typhus risk factors?
    • What are typhus symptoms and signs?
    • How is typhus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for typhus?
    • What is the prognosis of typhus?
    • Can typhus be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about typhus?
  • Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Spina bifida is the most common neural tube defect in the United States. There are four types of spina bifida; 1) occulta, 2)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Article
    • Spina bifida facts*
    • Introduction to spina bifida
    • What is spina bifida?
    • What are the different types of spina bifida?
    • What causes spina bifida?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of spina bifida?
    • What are the complications of spina bifida?
    • How is spina bifida diagnosed?
    • How is spina bifida treated?
    • Can spina bifida be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for spina bifida?
    • What research is being done on spina bifida?
  • Porphyria Porphyria is a group of disorders that affect the nervous system, skin, or both. Porphyria is often an inherited condition that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Porphyria Article
    • Porphyria facts*
    • What is porphyria?
    • What are the types of porphyria?
    • What causes porphyria?
    • What are the symptoms of porphyria?
    • How is porphyria diagnosed?
    • How is porphyria treated?
  • Flatfoot (Pes Planus) Flatfoot is a disorder in which the foot's entire sole is touching the ground while standing. Symptoms and signs of flatfoot...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flatfoot (Pes Planus) Article
    • What is flatfoot?
    • What are the different types of flatfoot?
    • What are other causes of flatfoot?
    • What are flatfoot symptoms and signs?
    • How is flatfoot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for flatfoot?
    • What is the prognosis of flatfoot?