Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization
Provides a search for hospice and palliative care, as well as statistics, resources, and information
1700 Diagonal Road, Suite 300
Alexandria, VA 22314
National Organization for Victim Assistance
Parents Without Partners
Offers support, information, and resources for single parents
1650 S. Dixie Highway, Suite 510
Boca Raton, FL 33432
Samaritan Hospice (Marlton, NJ)
Offers several free grief support groups to those who have lost a spouse at a young age and to those grieving the loss of a same-sex partner
SHARE Pregnancy and Infant Loss Support, Inc.
Society of Military Widows
As researchers continue to examine the management of grief, the level of
clarity about what is helpful and not helpful in helping the bereaved needs to
be improved. Although hospital personnel have tended over the past decades to
address the medical, legal, and emotional issues associated with the loss of a
loved one, health-care professionals who work in clinics and private offices would
serve their patients better if those issues were addressed long before a crisis
of health or loss takes place.
Medically reviewed by Marina Katz, MD; American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology
Adams, K. Managing grief through journal writing. Center for Journal Therapy.
Barry, L. C., Kasl, S. V., Prigerson, H. G. The role of perceived circumstances of death
and preparedness for death. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 10:
447-457, August 2002.
Center for Suicide Prevention. Grief after suicide: notes from the literature
on qualitative differences and stigma. SIEC Alert #46, November 2001.
Demmer, C. "Caring for a Loved One With AIDS: A South African Perspective." Journal of Loss and Trauma
11 (2006): 439-455.
Forte, A. L., Hill, M., Pazder, R., Feudtner, C. Bereavement care interventions: a
systematic review. Biomedical Central Limited Palliative Care, 3: 3, July 26,
Freedman, S, Chang, WCR. An analysis of a sample of the general population's understanding of forgiveness: implications for mental health counselors.
Journal of Mental Health Counseling 2010 January; 32(1): 5-34.
Goldsmith B, et al. Elevated rates of prolonged grief disorder in African Americans.
Death Studies 2008; 32: 352-365.
Kersting, K. A new approach to complicated grief. American Psychological
Association Online. Vol 35 (10) page 51. November 2004.
Koop, P. M., Strang, V. R. The bereavement experience following home-based family
caregiving for persons with advanced cancer. Clinical Nursing Research 12(2),
Kramlinger, M. If you are over 65 and a widow. Helpful tips for the newly
bereaved. One widow's perspective. Bereavement Poems and Articles, 2007.
Kristen M, et al. Resolution of depression and grief during the first year after miscarriage: a randomized controlled clinical trial of couples-focused interventions.
Journal of Women's Health 2009; 18(8).
Larson, D. G., Hoyt, W. T. What has become of grief counseling? An evaluation of the
empirical foundations of the new pessimism. Professional Psychology: Research
and Practice 38(4): 347-355, 2007.
Li, J., Laursen, T. M., Precht, D. H., Olsen, J., Mortensen, P. T. Hospitalization for
mental illness among parents after the death of a child. New England Journal of
Medicine 352: 1190-1196, March 2005.
Lowenstein, T. Life stress Test. Conscious Living Foundation, 1997.
Melhem, N. M., Day, N., Shear, K., Day, R., Reynolds, C. F., Brent, D. Traumatic grief among
adolescents exposed to a peer's suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry 161:
1411-1416, August 2004.
National Cancer Institute. Advanced directives. U.S. National Institutes of
Neimeyer, R. A., Prigerson, H. G., Davies, B. Mourning and meaning. American
Behavioral Scientist 46(2): 235-251, 2002.
People Living with Cancer. Understanding grief in a cultural context. 2005.
Pfeffer, C. R. Death. Psychiatric Times 17 (9), September 2000.
Piper, W. E., Ogrodniczuk, J. S., Azim, H. F., Weideman, R. Prevalence of loss and
complicated grief among psychiatric outpatients. Psychiatric Services 52:
1069-1074, August 2001.
Rask, K., Kaunonen, M., Paunonen-Ilmonen, M. Adolescent coping with grief after
the death of a loved one. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 8(3):
137-142, June 2002.
Reyes-Ortiz, C. A., Moreno-Macias, C. H., Ceballos-Osorio, J. Myocardial infarction
triggered by bereavement in older women. Annals of Long-Term Care 9(7), July
SadlyMissed.com. The seven stages of grief. 2006.
Stroebe, M., Henk, Schut. The dual process model of coping with bereavement:
rationale and description. Death Studies. 23(3): 197-224, March 1999.
Tilden, V. P., Tolle, S. W., Nelson, C. A., Fields, J. Family decision-making to withdraw
life-sustaining treatments from hospitalized patients. Nursing Research 50(2):
105-115, March/April 2001.
University of Virginia Health System. National bereavement resources. 2007.
Wyant, L. Euthanasia: what to expect when your pet's time has come.