loperamide, Imodium; Kaopectate II; Imodium A-D; Maalox Anti-Diarrheal

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GENERIC NAME: loperamide

BRAND NAMES: Imodium, Kaopectate II, Imodium A-D, Maalox Anti-Diarrheal Caplets, Pepto Diarrhea Control

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Loperamide is a medication that is used for the relief of acute diarrhea and the management of chronic diarrhea in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis). The effectiveness of loperamide is comparable to another anti-diarrheal, diphenoxylate (Lomotil). Loperamide reduces diarrhea by slowing the forward propulsion of intestinal contents by the intestinal muscles. Although loperamide is related chemically to narcotics such as morphine, it does not have any of narcotics' pain- relieving effects even at high doses. Loperamide was approved by the FDA in 1976.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes, but also OTC

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Capsules or tablets: 1 or 2 mg; liquid: 1 mg per teaspoonful (5 ml).

STORAGE: Loperamide should be stored at room temperature, 15-30 C (59-86 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Loperamide is used for the relief of acute or chronic diarrhea and traveler's diarrhea.




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