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How effective is LEEP?
LEEP has been shown to be comparable to cryotherapy, cold knife conization (surgical removal of the abnormal area), laser ablation (destruction of the abnormal tissue), and laser conization for the removal of abnormal or precancerous tissues of the cervix. Studies have shown that a majority of these methods result in a cure (removal of all the affected tissue).
Further treatment is not typically necessary if all of the abnormal area has been removed, although the precancerous changes may develop again (recur) at a later time. Regular follow-up Pap tests are required following LEEP to evaluate for possible recurrence of the cellular abnormalities.
What are complications of LEEP?
Complications occur in about a small percentage of women undergoing LEEP, including narrowing (stenosis) of the opening of the cervix, greater than expected amounts of bleeding, or infection of the cervix or uterus.
Medically reviewed by Steven Nelson, MD; Board Certified Obstetrics and Gynecology
"Patient information: Management of a cervical biopsy with precancerous cells (Beyond the Basics)"