Liver Disease Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Liver Disease. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Liver Disease or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Cirrhosis (Liver) Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cirrhosis (Liver) Article
    • Cirrhosis facts
    • What is cirrhosis?
    • Why does cirrhosis cause problems?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of cirrhosis?
    • What are the common causes of cirrhosis?
    • How is cirrhosis diagnosed and evaluated?
    • How is cirrhosis treated?
    • What is new and in the future for cirrhosis?
  • Blood Clots Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins,...learn more »
  • Itching Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Itching Article
    • Itch facts
    • What is an itch?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of itching?
    • What causes itching?
    • How is the cause of itching diagnosed?
    • Should I scratch the itch?
    • What are topical itch treatments? Are there any home remedies for itching?
    • What are oral itch treatments?
    • Can itching be prevented?
    • When should the doctor be consulted for itching?
    • What are possible complications of itching?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for itching?
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a...learn more »
  • Infectious Mononucleosis Infectious mononucleosis is a virus infection in which there is an increase of white blood cells that are mononuclear (with a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Infectious Mononucleosis Article
    • Infectious mononucleosis (mono) facts
    • What is infectious mononucleosis?
    • What is the cause of mono?
    • What are the risk factors for mono?
    • How is mono transmitted or spread?
    • What are the symptoms of mono?
    • What are the signs of mono?
    • How is mono diagnosed?
    • What is the usual course and treatment of mono?
    • What are the complications of mono?
    • How can mono be prevented?
    • Conclusion
  • Fatty Liver Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a wide spectrum of liver disease ranging from simple fatty liver (steatosis),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatty Liver Article
    • Nonalcoholic fatty liver facts
    • What are nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and steatohepatitis?
    • Why is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease important?
    • What causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What is the difference between nonalcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity, and diabetes?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of fatty liver?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed?
    • What are the other causes of fatty liver?
    • What are the complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease treated?
    • Weight loss and exercise
    • Diet
    • Medications and other treatment options
    • Bariatric surgery
    • Liver transplant
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease?
    • What diseases are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occur in children?
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of Erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Article
    • What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
    • What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
    • Lifestyle modifications
    • What is the prognosis for congestive heart failure?
    • Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
  • Jaundice (Adults) Jaundice in adults may be caused by a variety of medical diseases or conditions. Some cases of jaundice can be managed at home...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jaundice (Adults) Article
    • Jaundice definition
    • Jaundice in adults
    • What causes jaundice in adults?
    • Pre-hepatic causes
    • Hepatic causes
    • Post-hepatic causes
    • What are the symptoms of jaundice in adults?
    • What are the risk factors for jaundice in adults?
    • How is jaundice in adults diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice in adults?
    • What are the complications of jaundice in adults?
    • Can jaundice in adults be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of jaundice in adults?
  • Gallbladder Pain (Gall Bladder Pain) Gallbladder pain is generally produced by of five problems, biliary colic, cholecystitis, gallstones, and pancreatitis. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Pain (Gall Bladder Pain) Article
    • Gallbladder pain definition
    • What are the causes of gallbladder pain?
    • What is biliary colic?
    • What are the symptoms associated with gallbladder pain?
    • How is the cause of gallbladder pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of gallbladder pain?
    • Home remedies
    • What are the complications of gallbladder pain?
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV, hep C) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the nature (biology) of the hepatitis C virus?
    • How does liver damage occur in hepatitis C infection?
    • How is hepatitis C virus spread, is it contagious, and how can transmission be prevented?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What conditions outside the liver are associated with hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the usual progression of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the diagnostic tests for hepatitis C virus and how are they used to diagnose hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C?
    • What is the treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • Who should receive antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus infection?
    • What are the different patterns of response to antiviral treatment?
    • What are the goals of therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the therapy options for previously untreated patients with chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • How are relapses and nonresponders treated?
    • Should individuals with acute hepatitis C infection be treated?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C?
  • Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Abdominal pain can have many causes. Some of the less serious causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Article
    • Definition of abdominal pain
    • What are the ways to describe abdominal pain?
    • What are the causes of abdominal pain?
    • What are the less serious causes of abdominal pain?
    • What are more serious causes of abdominal pain?
    • When should I call my doctor about abdominal pain?
    • What are the methods used to diagnose abdominal pain?
    • What are the home remedies for certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What medications can be used to treat certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What lifestyle choices can I make to prevent abdominal pain?
  • Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Hereditary hemochromatosis (iron overload) is an inherited disorder in which there is excessive accumulation of iron in the body....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Article
    • What is hereditary hemochromatosis?
    • How is hereditary hemachromatosis inherited?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of hemochromatosis?
    • How is hemochromatosis diagnosed?
    • How is hemochromatosis treated?
    • What about diet recommendations for people with hemochromatosis?
    • What are the recommendations for screening for liver cancer in hemochromatosis?
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications for ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for ascites?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs?
    • Can STDs be prevented?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Article
    • Viral hepatitis facts
    • Viral hepatitis definition and overview
    • What are the common types of viral hepatitis?
    • Who is at risk for viral hepatitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of viral hepatitis?
    • What is acute fulminant hepatitis?
    • What is chronic viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis prevented?
    • Hepatitis Vaccinations
    • What is the prognosis of viral hepatitis?
  • Brain Hemorrhage A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Hemorrhage Article
    • What is a brain hemorrhage?
    • What causes a brain hemorrhage?
    • What are the symptoms of a brain hemorrhage?
    • How is a brain hemorrhage diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a brain hemorrhage?
    • What is the prognosis after a brain hemorrhage? Is recovery possible?
    • Special situations
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea or vomiting?
  • Drug-Induced Liver Disease Drug-induced liver diseases are diseases of the liver that are caused by physician-prescribed medications, OTC medications,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug-Induced Liver Disease Article
    • What is drug-induced liver disease?
    • What is the liver?
    • What are the symptoms of liver disease?
    • How do drugs cause liver disease?
    • What types of liver disease do drugs cause?
    • Elevated blood levels of liver enzymes
    • Acute and chronic hepatitis
    • Acute liver failure
    • Cholestasis
    • Steatosis (fatty liver)
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hepatic vein thrombosis
    • How is drug-induced liver disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug-induced liver disease?
    • What are some important examples of drug-induced liver disease?
  • Gynecomastia Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the gland tissue in the male breast is the caused by an imbalance of hormones. Certain medical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gynecomastia Article
    • Gynecomastia facts
    • What is gynecomastia?
    • What causes gynecomastia?
    • What are the risk factors for gynecomastia?
    • What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
    • When should I call the doctor about gynecomastia?
    • How is gynecomastia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gynecomastia?
    • Surgical treatments
    • What are the complications of gynecomastia?
    • Can gynecomastia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gynecomastia?
  • Tylenol Liver Damage Tylenol liver damage (acetaminophen) can occur from accidentally ingesting too much acetaminophen, or intentionally....learn more »
    In This Article
    Tylenol Liver Damage Article
    • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) liver damage facts
    • "Is it safe for me to take Tylenol?"
    • Do the recommended doses of Tylenol cause any liver damage?
    • Why should we know that the generic name of Tylenol is acetaminophen?
    • Just how much acetaminophen is safe to take?
    • How is acetaminophen processed (metabolized) in the body?
    • How does an overdose of acetaminophen cause liver injury?
    • Is overdose with acetaminophen usually accidental or intentional?
    • How can accidental overdose be avoided in adults?
    • How can overdose be avoided in children?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of acetaminophen-induced liver damage?
    • What should be done if acetaminophen toxicity is suspected?
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and HIV?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • Bruises A bruise, or contusion, is caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin. The raised area...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bruises Article
    • Bumps and bruises facts
    • What is a bruise?
    • Why do bruises occur more frequently in some people than in others?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a bruise, and why does it change color?
    • What if the bruise doesn't get better or the area stays swollen?
    • What are some less common causes of bruising, and what do they indicate?
    • What is the treatment for bruising?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for bruising?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease), a blood disease which shortens life expectancy, is cause by an inherited abnormal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Article
    • Sickle cell anemia facts
    • What is sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia inherited?
    • What conditions promote the sickling (distortion) of the red blood cells in sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and treatments of sickle cell anemia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with sickle cell anemia?
  • Pleural Effusion Pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the chest or on the lungs. There are two types of pleural effusion, trandsudate and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleural Effusion Article
    • Pleural effusion definition
    • What are the causes of pleural effusion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pleural effusion?
    • What are the risk factors for pleural effusion?
    • How is pleural effusion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pleural effusion?
    • What are the complications of pleural effusion?
    • Can pleural effusion be prevented?
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) Article
    • Intestinal bowel disease facts
    • What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
    • What are the intestinal complications of IBD?
    • Are the intestinal complications of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease different?
    • Do intestinal ulcers occur in IBD?
    • How are ulcers in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • Does gastrointestinal bleeding occur in IBD?
    • How is gastrointestinal bleeding in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • How do intestinal strictures form in IBD?
    • What are symptoms of intestinal strictures, and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are intestinal fistulas?
    • What symptoms do fistulas cause and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are fissures and how are they treated?
    • What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • Does colon cancer occur in IBD?
    • What should be done about polyps in IBD?
    • What is toxic megacolon and what are its causes and symptoms?
    • What kind of malabsorption occurs in IBD?
  • Pulmonary Hypertension Pulmonary hypertension is an abnormal elevation of the pressure in the pulmonary circulation caused by the constriction of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Hypertension Article
    • What are pulmonary arteries?
    • What is pulmonary hypertension?
    • What are primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension?
    • What causes pulmonary hypertension?
    • What causes primary pulmonary hypertension?
    • How common is pulmonary hypertension?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension?
    • How is pulmonary hypertension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary hypertension?
    • What is the life expectancy for pulmonary hypertension?
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer in the world and the majority of patients with liver cancer will die within one year...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • Liver cancer facts
    • What is liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC)?
    • What is the scope of the liver cancer problem?
    • What are the population characteristics (epidemiology) of liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • Blood tests
    • Imaging studies
    • Liver biopsy or aspiration
    • What is the natural history of liver cancer?
    • What are the treatment options for liver cancer?
    • Chemotherapy and biotherapy
    • Chemoembolization (trans-arterial chemoembolization or TACE)
    • Radioembolization
    • Ablation techniques
    • Cryoablation
    • Stereotactic radiosurgery
    • Proton beam therapy
    • Surgery
    • Is there a role for routine screening for liver cancer?
    • What is fibrolamellar carcinoma?
    • What's in the future for the prevention and treatment of liver cancer?
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Article
    • Erectile dysfunction (impotence) facts
    • What is erectile dysfunction?
    • What is normal penis anatomy?
    • How common is erectile dysfunction?
    • How does erection occur?
    • How is erection sustained?
    • What are the risk factors for erectile dysfunction?
    • What causes erectile dysfunction?
    • How is erectile dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for erectile dysfunction?
    • What medications are used to treat erectile dysfunction?
    • Oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors
    • Sildenafil (Viagra)
    • Vardenafil (Levitra)
    • Tadalafil (Cialis)
    • Avanafil (Stendra)
    • Intracavernosal injections
    • Intraurethral suppositories
    • How effective is testosterone in treating erectile dysfunction?
    • Can low testosterone level be replaced?
    • Vacuum devices
    • Surgery for erectile dysfunction
    • What about psychological therapy for erectile dysfunction?
    • What will research is being done for erectile dysfunction?
  • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
    • What is the liver? Is it a gland or an organ?
    • What is the functional purpose of the liver?
    • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • What diseases affect the liver?
    • Fatty liver disease
    • Cirrhosis
    • Infections
    • Hepatitis
    • Medications
    • Toxins
    • Genetic disorders
    • Cancer
    • Abnormalities of bile flow from the liver
    • Decrease in blood flow draining from the liver
    • What are symptoms of diseases of the liver?
    • How is an examination of the liver performed?
    • What is a liver biopsy?
    • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
  • Portal Hypertension Portal hypertension is most commonly caused by cirrhosis, a disease in which results from scarring of a liver injury. Other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Portal Hypertension Article
    • What is portal hypertension?
    • What causes portal hypertension?
    • What are the symptoms of portal hypertension?
    • How is the diagnosis of portal hypertension made?
    • What is the treatment for portal hypertension?
    • What are the complications of portal hypertension?
    • Can portal hypertension be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for portal hypertension?
  • Cholesterol High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholesterol Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are the different types of cholesterol?
    • Why is high cholesterol dangerous?
    • Where does cholesterol come from?
    • What are normal cholesterol levels?
    • Which foods can help lower cholesterol?
    • What other lifestyle interventions help lower cholesterol?
    • What medications are available to treat high cholesterol?
  • Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flulike symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxoplasmosis Article
    • Toxoplasmosis facts
    • What is toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the cause of toxoplasmosis?
    • What factors increase the risk of acquiring toxo?
    • What are the usual symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
    • Why do some people develop severe problems from toxo?
    • Can toxoplasmosis develop into a more serious illness in babies?
    • What is meant by a baby developing "a more severe case of toxo"?
    • How is toxo diagnosed in the lab?
    • How can toxoplasmosis be prevented?
    • Am I able to keep my cat?
    • Once infected with toxo, is my cat always able to spread the infection to me?
    • What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis for toxoplasmosis?
  • Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Hepatitis A vaccine
    • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • What is liver cancer?
    • What is metastatic liver cancer?
    • What causes liver cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the follow up after treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of liver cancer?
    • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
    • Can liver cancer be prevented?
  • Bleeding Varices Varices are dilated blood vessels usually in the esophagus or stomach. Symptoms of bleeding varices include vomiting blood, black...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bleeding Varices Article
    • Introduction to bleeding varices
    • What are the symptoms of bleeding Varices?
    • How are bleeding varices treated?
    • Can bleeding varices be prevented?
  • Ulcerative Colitis Diet Ulcerative colitis diet can help you avoid the foods that aggravate this bowel condition. Self-management of ulcerative colitis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Diet Article
    • Ulcerative colitis introduction
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • How can an ulcerative colitis diet plan help?
    • What foods are included in an ulcerative colitis diet plan?
    • What foods should I avoid in an ulcerative colitis diet plan?
    • How can I remember the foods that trigger my ulcerative colitis symptoms?
    • What else is important with an ulcerative colitis diet?
    • What does the latest research show about the link between nutrients and inflammation?
  • Hospice Hospice is a service that offers support, resources, and assistance to terminally ill patients and their families. In such late...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hospice Article
    • Hospice facts
    • What is hospice care?
    • Why is hospice care important?
    • What is the history of hospice?
    • What are the main goals of hospice care?
    • What are some misconceptions about hospice care?
    • What kinds of services does hospice care provide?
    • Are hospice services available for children?
    • Can hospice care be offered at home?
    • What are some medical conditions commonly referred to hospice?
    • How is referral to hospice made?
    • How does hospice care work?
    • Who is part of the hospice team?
    • What is respite care?
    • Who is eligible for hospice care?
    • Who pays for hospice care?
    • How can people find and choose hospice care?
    • What questions should people ask of hospice agencies?
    • Where can a person find more information about hospice care?
  • In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC) Article
    • PBC facts
    • What treatments are used in patients with PBC?
    • What medications are used to treat PBC itself?
    • Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)
    • Colchicine
    • Immunosuppressive medications
    • What treatments are used for the symptoms of PBC?
    • Itching
    • Osteoporosis
    • Elevated serum cholesterol and xanthomas
    • Malabsorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K)
    • What treatments are used for the complications of the cirrhosis in PBC?
    • Edema and ascites
    • Bleeding from varices
    • Hepatic encephalopathy
    • Hypersplenism
    • What treatments are used for the diseases associated with PBC?
    • Sicca Syndrome
    • Raynaud's Phenomenon
    • Scleroderma
    • Gallstones
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in PBC?
    • What is the future for PBC?
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Where do most cases of RMSF occur in the U.S.?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?