Table of Contents
- Liver Disease Facts
- What is liver disease?
- What is liver disease? (Continued)
- What are the causes of liver disease (alcohol and cirrhosis)?
- What are the causes of liver disease (drug-induced liver disease)?
- What are the causes of liver disease (hepatitis and others)?
- What are the causes of liver disease (cancer and others)?
- What are the risk factors for liver disease?
- What are the symptoms of liver disease?
- When to seek medical care for liver disease
- How is liver disease diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for liver disease?
- What are the complications of liver disease?
- Can liver disease be prevented?
- What is the outlook for a patient with liver disease?
Can liver disease be prevented?
- Alcohol abuse is the most common cause of liver disease in North America. Consuming alcohol in moderation may help minimize the risk of alcohol-related liver disease.
- The risk of contracting Hepatitis B and C can be decreased by minimizing the risk of exposure to other another person's bodily fluids.
- Vaccination is available for Hepatitis A and B.
- Screening for Hepatitis C is recommended in some populations.
- Fatty liver disease is a preventable illness with the promotion of a healthy lifestyle including a well-balanced diet, weight control, avoiding excess alcohol consumption and routine exercise program. These lifestyle modifications do not guarantee success in disease prevention as some people will develop fatty liver disease even with maximized lifestyle practices.
What is the outlook for a patient with liver disease?
The outlook and outcome for a patient depends upon the underlying diagnosis.
Interestingly, in patients with cirrhosis, there may be little correlation between the amount of damage found on liver biopsy and the ultimate outcome. A patient may never develop symptoms and have a normal life-span or may develop significant symptoms with seemingly minimal disease.
Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. "Liver."
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9.Ed Uthman, MD
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