Table of Contents
- What are the basic functions of the liver?
- What are common liver blood function tests?
- What are the aminotransferases enzymes (ALT, AST)?
- Normally, where are AST and ALT (aminotransferase enzymes)?
- What are normal levels of AST and ALT?
- What do high (elevated) liver tests (AST and ALT) mean?
- Do AST and ALT test results indicate liver function?
- What blood tests are done to detect liver function?
- What blood tests are done to detect liver function? (Continued)
- What are some common reasons for abnormal liver tests?
- What medications can cause increased liver enzyme tests (AST and ALT) levels?
- What medications can cause increased liver enzyme tests (AST and ALT)? (continued)
- What conditions can cause very high AST or ALT levels?
- What are some of the less common causes of elevated liver blood and function tests?
- What are some of the less common causes of elevated liver blood tests? (continued)
- How are healthy people evaluated for mild to moderate rises in AST/ALT levels?
- How are healthy people evaluated for mild to moderate rises in AST/ALT levels? (continued)
- How are a person's liver blood values monitored?
- What other liver enzymes cause medical problems?
What are the aminotransferases enzymes (ALT, AST)?
The aminotransferases enzymes catalyze chemical reactions in which an amino group from one amino acid (amino acids are building blocks of proteins) is transferred from a donor molecule to a recipient molecule, hence, the names "aminotransferases."
Medical terms can sometimes be confusing, as is the case with these enzymes because they have interchangeable names that commonly appear in both medical and non-medical articles. For example:
- Another name for aminotransferase is transaminase.
- The enzyme aspartate aminotransferase (AST) is also known as serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT).
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is also known as serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).
To put matters briefly, AST = SGOT and ALT = SGPT; they are enzymes produced by the liver, and other types of cells). Continue Reading
Brailita, D. M. "Amebic Hepatic Abscesses Workup." Medscape. Udpated Apr 15, 2015.
Sears, D. MD. "Fatty Liver." Medscape. Updated Nov 30, 2015.
Sood, G. "Acute Liver failure workup." Medscape. Updated Feb 04, 2016.
1.MedicineNet / iStock
2.MedicineNet / iStock
3.MedicineNet / iStock
4.By en:User:Blastwizard GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)
5.MedicineNet / iStock
Subscribe to MedicineNet's Newsletters
Get the latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!