Liver (Anatomy and Function) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Liver (Anatomy and Function). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Liver (Anatomy and Function) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Stool Color, Changes in Color, Texture, and Form Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from...learn more »
  • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Common causes include anal fissures,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
    • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) facts
    • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
    • What are causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Anal fissures
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Diverticulitis
    • Colon cancer and polyps
    • Angiodysplasias
    • Colitis and proctitis
    • Meckel's diverticulum
    • Polypectomy
    • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
    • What kind of doctor treats rectal bleeding?
    • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
    • History and physical examination
    • Anoscopy
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Radionuclide scans
    • Visceral angiogram
    • Video capsule and small intestine endoscopy
    • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
    • Nasogastric tube aspiration
    • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    • Blood tests
    • What is the treatment for rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
    • Can rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
  • Swollen Ankles and Swollen Feet Swollen ankles and swollen feet is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition such as edema, medications, pregnancy,...learn more »
  • Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Abdominal pain can have many causes. Some of the less serious causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food...learn more »
  • Liver Disease Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as gallstones, high cholesterol...learn more »
  • Jaundice (Adults) Jaundice in adults may be caused by a variety of medical diseases or conditions. Some cases of jaundice can be managed at home...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jaundice (Adults) Article
    • Jaundice definition
    • Jaundice in adults
    • What causes jaundice in adults?
    • Pre-hepatic causes
    • Hepatic causes
    • Post-hepatic causes
    • What are the symptoms of jaundice in adults?
    • What are the risk factors for jaundice in adults?
    • How is jaundice in adults diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice in adults?
    • What are the complications of jaundice in adults?
    • Can jaundice in adults be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of jaundice in adults?
  • Edema Edema is the swelling of tissues as a result of excess water accumulation. Peripheral edema occurs in the feet and legs. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Edema Article
    • Edema facts
    • What is edema?
    • What is pitting edema and how does it differ from non-pitting edema?
    • What does pitting edema look like (picture)?
    • What causes pitting edema?
    • Does salt intake affect edema?
    • What causes edema during pregnancy?
    • What kind of doctors treat edema?
    • Why does a person with heart disease retain fluid?
    • Why do people with liver disease develop ascites and edema?
    • Why do people with kidney disease have pitting edema?
    • What causes pitting edema by heavy loss of protein in the urine?
    • What medications treat pitting edema caused by heavy loss of protein in the urine?
    • What causes pitting edema in people with impaired kidney (renal) function?
    • What is idiopathic edema?
    • What is the treatment for idiopathic edema?
    • What is the treatment for patients with idiopathic edema who have become dependent on diuretics?
    • How does venous insufficiency cause edema?
    • Which diuretics are used to treat edema?
    • Do people taking diuretics need a diet high in potassium?
    • Are diuretics used for other diseases or conditions?
  • Itch (Itching or Pruritus) Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...learn more »
  • Cirrhosis (Liver) Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...learn more »
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications of ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for ascites?
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • Liver cancer facts
    • What is liver cancer?
    • What is metastatic liver cancer?
    • What causes liver cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • How is liver cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the follow-up after treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of liver cancer? What are the survival rates for liver cancer?
    • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
    • Can liver cancer be prevented?
    • Where can you learn more about liver cancer?
  • Fatty Liver Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occurs due to the accumulation of abnormal amounts of fat within the liver. Fatty liver most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatty Liver Article
    • Nonalcoholic fatty liver facts
    • What is fatty liver disease?
    • What causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatty liver?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Fatty liver and diet
    • Fatty liver, weight loss, and exercise
    • Medications and other treatment options
    • Bariatric surgery
    • Liver transplantation
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease?
    • What diseases are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What are the complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occur in children?
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as...learn more »
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Hereditary hemochromatosis (iron overload) is an inherited disorder in which there is excessive accumulation of iron in the body....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Article
    • What is hereditary hemochromatosis?
    • How is hereditary hemachromatosis inherited?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of hemochromatosis?
    • How is hemochromatosis diagnosed?
    • How is hemochromatosis treated?
    • What about diet recommendations for people with hemochromatosis?
    • What are the recommendations for screening for liver cancer in hemochromatosis?
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and HIV?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Article
    • Erectile dysfunction (impotence) facts
    • What is erectile dysfunction (ED)?
    • What are erectile dysfunction symptoms and signs?
    • What is normal penis anatomy?
    • How common is erectile dysfunction?
    • How does erection occur?
    • How is erection sustained?
    • What are erectile dysfunction risk factors?
    • What causes erectile dysfunction?
    • How is erectile dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What drugs treat erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the treatment for erectile dysfunction?
    • Oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors
    • Sildenafil (Viagra)
    • Vardenafil (Levitra)
    • Tadalafil (Cialis)
    • Avanafil (Stendra)
    • What are intracavernosal injections?
    • What are intraurethral suppositories?
    • How effective is testosterone in treating erectile dysfunction?
    • Can a penis pump (vacuum device) help erectile dysfunction?
    • Can low testosterone level be replaced?
    • What about psychological therapy for erectile dysfunction?
    • Surgery for erectile dysfunction
    • Can over-the-counter (OTC) and/or natural or home remedies treat erectile dysfunction?
    • Is it possible to prevent erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the prognosis for erectile dysfunction?
    • What research is being done for erectile dysfunction?
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection, and how many people are infected?
    • What is the hepatitis C virus?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the contagious period for hepatitis C?
    • What is the incubation period for hepatitis C?
    • How long does it take for symptoms to appear after contracting hepatitis C?
    • How is hepatitis C spread?
    • Can hepatitis C infection affect other organs besides the liver?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What type of doctor treats hepatitis C?
    • How is hepatitis C diagnosed?
    • Liver biopsy and non-invasive tests for hepatitis C
    • What medications cure hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the treatment guidelines for hepatitis C?
    • What is the treatment for people with acute hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the side effects of treatments for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for a person with hepatitis C?
    • How is monitoring done after treatment for hepatitis C?
    • What home remedies are available for hepatitis C?
    • What are the complications of undiagnosed hepatitis C?
    • Can hepatitis C be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of hepatitis C?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C?
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs in men?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs in men diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs in men?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs in men?
    • Can STDs in men be prevented?
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Drug-Induced Liver Disease Drug-induced liver diseases are diseases of the liver that are caused by physician-prescribed medications, OTC medications,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug-Induced Liver Disease Article
    • What is drug-induced liver disease?
    • What is the liver?
    • What are the symptoms of liver disease?
    • How do drugs cause liver disease?
    • What types of liver disease do drugs cause?
    • Elevated blood levels of liver enzymes
    • Acute and chronic hepatitis
    • Acute liver failure
    • Cholestasis
    • Steatosis (fatty liver)
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hepatic vein thrombosis
    • How is drug-induced liver disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug-induced liver disease?
    • What are some important examples of drug-induced liver disease?
  • Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Article
    • Viral hepatitis facts
    • Viral hepatitis definition and overview
    • What are the common types of viral hepatitis?
    • Who is at risk for viral hepatitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of viral hepatitis?
    • What is acute fulminant hepatitis?
    • What is chronic viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis prevented?
    • Hepatitis Vaccinations
    • What is the prognosis of viral hepatitis?
  • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arsenic Poisoning Article
    • Arsenic facts
    • What is arsenic?
    • What is inorganic arsenic?
    • What is organic arsenic?
    • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
    • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
    • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
    • In what foods (rice), products (apple juice) , or liquids (water) is arsenic found, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
  • Bruises A bruise, or contusion, is caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin. The raised area...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bruises Article
    • Bumps and bruises facts
    • What is a bruise?
    • Why do bruises occur more frequently in some people than in others?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a bruise, and why does it change color?
    • What if the bruise doesn't get better or the area stays swollen?
    • What are some less common causes of bruising, and what do they indicate?
    • What is the treatment for bruising?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for bruising?
  • Tylenol Liver Damage Tylenol liver damage (acetaminophen) can occur from accidentally ingesting too much acetaminophen, or intentionally....learn more »
    In This Article
    Tylenol Liver Damage Article
    • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) liver damage facts
    • "Is it safe for me to take Tylenol?"
    • Do the recommended doses of Tylenol cause any liver damage?
    • Why should we know that the generic name of Tylenol is acetaminophen?
    • Just how much acetaminophen is safe to take?
    • How is acetaminophen processed (metabolized) in the body?
    • How does an overdose of acetaminophen cause liver injury?
    • Is overdose with acetaminophen usually accidental or intentional?
    • How can accidental overdose be avoided in adults?
    • How can overdose be avoided in children?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of acetaminophen-induced liver damage?
    • What should be done if acetaminophen toxicity is suspected?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea or vomiting?
  • Gynecomastia Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the gland tissue in the male breast is the caused by an imbalance of hormones. Certain medical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gynecomastia Article
    • Gynecomastia facts
    • What is gynecomastia?
    • What causes gynecomastia?
    • What are the risk factors for gynecomastia?
    • What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
    • When should I call the doctor about gynecomastia?
    • How is gynecomastia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gynecomastia?
    • Surgical treatments
    • What are the complications of gynecomastia?
    • Can gynecomastia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gynecomastia?
  • Thyroid Cancer There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thyroid Cancer Article
    • Thyroid cancer facts*
    • What is the thyroid?
    • What is the thyroid cancer?
    • What causes thyroid cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for thyroid cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of thyroid cancer?
    • What are thyroid nodules?
    • What are the different types of thyroid cancer?
    • How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?
    • How is thyroid cancer staging determined?
    • What kinds of specialists treat thyroid cancer?
    • What is the treatment for thyroid cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Thyroid hormone
    • Radioactive iodine
    • Radiation
    • Chemotherapy
    • What kind of support is available for those with thyroid cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with thyroid cancer?
    • Can thyroid cancer be prevented?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) is a rare type of cancer that arises from cells that line the drainage system from the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) Article
    • What is bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma)? What are causes and risk factors for bile duct cancer?
    • What are bile duct cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is bile duct cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bile duct cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for bile duct cancer? What is the life expectancy for bile duct cancer?
    • Can bile duct cancer be prevented?
    • What are the statistics for bile duct cancer?
  • Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Article
    • Preeclampsia and eclampsia facts
    • What are preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Who is at risk for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are the symptoms of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • How are preeclampsia and eclampsia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Can preeclampsia and eclampsia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
  • Cholesterol High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholesterol Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are the different types of cholesterol?
    • Why is high cholesterol dangerous?
    • Where does cholesterol come from?
    • What are normal cholesterol levels?
    • Which foods can help lower cholesterol?
    • What other lifestyle interventions help lower cholesterol?
    • What medications are available to treat high cholesterol?
  • Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) is one type of liver disease caused by a virus. Since...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Article
    • Hepatitis A facts*
    • What is hepatitis A?
    • What is the liver?
    • Who gets hepatitis A?
    • How could I get hepatitis A?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis A?
    • How is hepatitis A diagnosed?
    • How is hepatitis A treated?
    • How can I avoid getting hepatitis A?
    • What should I do if I think I have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information
    • Acknowledgments
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • Is malaria contagious?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • Portal Hypertension Portal hypertension is most commonly caused by cirrhosis, a disease in which results from scarring of a liver injury. Other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Portal Hypertension Article
    • What is portal hypertension?
    • What causes portal hypertension?
    • What are the symptoms of portal hypertension?
    • How is the diagnosis of portal hypertension made?
    • What is the treatment for portal hypertension?
    • What are the complications of portal hypertension?
    • Can portal hypertension be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for portal hypertension?
  • Is Hepatitis B Contagious? Hepatitis B is a type of liver infection. Hepatitis B is spread through person-to-person contact or through personal items like...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Hepatitis B Contagious? Article
    • What is hepatitis B?
    • Is hepatitis B contagious?
    • How will I know if I'm infected with hepatitis B?
    • How is hepatitis B spread?
    • How will I know if an individual is cured of hepatitis B?
    • When should I contact a health-care professional about hepatitis B?
  • Ulcerative Colitis Diet Ulcerative colitis diet can help you avoid the foods that aggravate this bowel condition. Self-management of ulcerative colitis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Diet Article
    • Ulcerative colitis introduction
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • How can an ulcerative colitis diet plan help?
    • What foods are included in an ulcerative colitis diet plan?
    • What foods should I avoid in an ulcerative colitis diet plan?
    • How can I remember the foods that trigger my ulcerative colitis symptoms?
    • What else is important with an ulcerative colitis diet?
    • What does the latest research show about the link between nutrients and inflammation?
  • Hepatic Hemangioma Hepatic hemangiomas are referred to as tumors, however, they not malignant and do not become cancerous. Hemangiomas can occur in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatic Hemangioma Article
    • What is a hepatic hemangioma?
    • What are the symptoms of a hepatic hemangioma?
    • How is the diagnosis of a hepatic hemangioma made?
    • What is the treatment for hepatic hemangioma?
  • Bleeding Varices Varices are dilated blood vessels usually in the esophagus or stomach. Symptoms of bleeding varices include vomiting blood, black...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bleeding Varices Article
    • Introduction to bleeding varices
    • What are the symptoms of bleeding Varices?
    • How are bleeding varices treated?
    • Can bleeding varices be prevented?
  • Porphyria Porphyria is a group of disorders that affect the nervous system, skin, or both. Porphyria is often an inherited condition that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Porphyria Article
    • Porphyria facts*
    • What is porphyria?
    • What are the types of porphyria?
    • What causes porphyria?
    • What are the symptoms of porphyria?
    • How is porphyria diagnosed?
    • How is porphyria treated?
  • Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems Learn how to recognize serious diseases and health problems like strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in...learn more »
  • Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Hepatitis A vaccine
    • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Is Hepatitis Contagious? Hepatitis means "inflammation of the liver," and there are several different types of such as A, B, C, D, and E. Some types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Hepatitis Contagious? Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Is hepatitis contagious?
    • How will I know if I have hepatitis?
    • How is hepatitis spread?
    • When will I know I'm cured of hepatitis?
    • When should I contact doctor about hepatitis?
  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC) Primary biliary sclerosis (PBC) is thought to be an autoimmune disorder that involves the deterioration of the liver's small bile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC) Article
    • PBC facts
    • What treatments are used in patients with PBC?
    • Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)
    • Colchicine
    • Immunosuppressive medications
    • Itching
    • Osteoporosis
    • Elevated serum cholesterol and xanthomas
    • Malabsorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K)
    • Edema and ascites
    • Bleeding from varices
    • Hepatic encephalopathy
    • Hypersplenism
    • Sicca Syndrome
    • Raynaud's Phenomenon
    • Scleroderma
    • Gallstones
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in PBC?
    • What is the future for PBC?
  • Is Hepatitis C Contagious? Hepatitis C or hep C causes acute and chronic liver disease. Hep C is a form of liver disease with symptoms like fatigue,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Hepatitis C Contagious? Article
    • What is hepatitis C (hep C)?
    • Is hepatitis C contagious?
    • How long before I know I'm infected and have hepatitis C?
    • How is hepatitis C spread?
    • How will I know when I am no longer contagious for hepatitis C?
    • When should I seek medical care for hepatitis C?
  • Bilirubin (Bilirubin Test) Bilirubin is a waste product of the normal breakdown of red blood cells in the liver. Normal bilirubin levels vary from lab to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bilirubin (Bilirubin Test) Article
    • Bilirubin and blood test facts
    • What is bilirubin?
    • What are normal bilirubin levels in adults?
    • What do high bilirubin levels in adults mean?
    • What are symptoms of high bilirubin levels in adults?
    • What are the symptoms of high bilirubin levels in newborns?
    • What do high bilirubin levels in a newborn mean?
    • What are other names for bilirubin?
    • What is the treatment for elevated bilirubin in adults?
    • What is the bilirubin test?
    • How do I prepare for the bilirubin test?
    • How is the bilirubin test performed?
    • What risks are associated with the bilirubin test?
    • What is the prognosis for an adult with elevated bilirubin levels?
    • What is the prognosis for newborns?
    • Can high levels of bilirubin be prevented?