Liver Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Liver. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Liver or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Cirrhosis (Liver) Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cirrhosis (Liver) Article
    • Cirrhosis facts
    • What is cirrhosis?
    • Why does cirrhosis cause problems?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of cirrhosis?
    • What are the common causes of cirrhosis?
    • How is cirrhosis diagnosed and evaluated?
    • How is cirrhosis treated?
    • What is new and in the future for cirrhosis?
  • Abdominal Pain Abdominal pain is pain in the belly and can be acute or chronic. Causes include inflammation, distention of an organ, and loss...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Pain Article
    • Abdominal pain facts
    • What is abdominal pain?
    • What causes abdominal pain?
    • How is the cause of abdominal pain diagnosed?
    • Characteristics, symptoms, and signs of the abdominal pain
    • Associated signs and symptoms of abdominal pain
    • Physical examination
    • Exams and tests
    • Special problem in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) of diagnosing the cause of abdominal pain
    • Why can diagnosis of the cause of abdominal pain be difficult?
    • How can I help my doctor to determine the cause of my abdominal pain?
  • Rectal Bleeding (Blood in Stool, Hematochezia) Rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Rectal bleeding may be moderate to severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rectal Bleeding (Blood in Stool, Hematochezia) Article
    • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) facts
    • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
    • What are the causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Anal fissure
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Diverticulosis
    • Colon cancer and polyps
    • Polypectomy
    • Angiodysplasias
    • Colitis and proctitis
    • Meckel's diverticulum
    • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
    • How is the cause and site of rectal bleeding determined?
    • History and physical examination
    • Anoscopy
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Radionuclide scans
    • Visceral angiogram
    • Video capsule and small intestine enteroscopy
    • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
    • Nasogastric tube aspiration
    • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    • Blood tests
    • How is rectal bleeding treated?
  • Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart's function as a pump is inadequate to meet the body's needs. A...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure Article
    • Congestive heart failure facts
    • What is congestive heart failure?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of congestive heart failure?
    • Lifestyle modifications
    • Medications
    • Heart transplant
    • Other mechanical therapies
    • What is the long term outlook for patients with congestive heart failure?
    • What are the areas of new research in congestive heart failure?
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications for ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for ascites?
  • Gallbladder Pain Gallbladder (gall bladder) pain can be caused by gallbladder disease such as gallstones or cholecystitis. Causes of gallbladder...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Pain Article
    • What are the causes of gallbladder pain?
    • What is the mechanism of gallbladder pain?
    • What are the characteristics gallbladder pain?
    • What are the symptoms associated with gallbladder pain?
    • What are other biliary causes of pain?
    • What are other diseases to consider?
    • What is cholecystitis?
  • Stool Color & Texture Changes (Black, Red, Maroon, Green, Yellow, Gray, Tarry, Sticky) Stool color is generally brown. When stool color changes, often, an individual becomes concerned. The presence of the bilirubin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stool Color & Texture Changes (Black, Red, Maroon, Green, Yellow, Gray, Tarry, Sticky) Article
    • What color is normal stool?
    • What causes normal stool color?
    • How do changes in bilirubin affect stool color?
    • How does intestinal bleeding change stool color?
    • What other things can cause changes in the color of stool?
    • What are the symptoms of stool color changes?
  • Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence) Impotence, also known as erectile dysfunction, is a common problem among men characterized by the consistent inability to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence) Article
    • Erectile dysfunction facts
    • What is erectile dysfunction?
    • How common is erectile dysfunction?
    • What is normal penis anatomy?
    • How does erection occur?
    • How is erection sustained?
    • What are some of the risk factors for erectile dysfunction?
    • What are the causes of erectile dysfunction?
    • How is erectile dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for erectile dysfunction?
    • What medications are used to treat erectile dysfunction?
    • Oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors
    • Sildenafil (Viagra)
    • Vardenafil (Levitra)
    • Tadalafil (Cialis)
    • Intracavernosal injections
    • Intraurethral suppositories
    • How effective is testosterone in treating erectile dysfunction?
    • Can low testosterone level be replaced?
    • Vacuum devices
    • Surgery for erectile dysfunction
    • What will the future bring for erectile dysfunction?
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer in the world and the majority of patients with liver cancer will die within one year...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • Liver cancer facts
    • What is liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC)?
    • What is the scope of the liver cancer problem?
    • What are the population characteristics (epidemiology) of liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • Blood tests
    • Imaging studies
    • Liver biopsy or aspiration
    • What is the natural history of liver cancer?
    • What are the treatment options for liver cancer?
    • Chemotherapy and biotherapy
    • Chemoembolization (trans-arterial chemoembolization or TACE)
    • Radioembolization
    • Ablation techniques
    • Cryoablation
    • Stereotactic radiosurgery
    • Proton beam therapy
    • Surgery
    • Is there a role for routine screening for liver cancer?
    • What is fibrolamellar carcinoma?
    • What's in the future for the prevention and treatment of liver cancer?
  • Jaundice Jaundice is a yellowish staining of the skin and whites of the eyes (sclerae) with bilirubin, the pigment found in bile. Jaundice...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jaundice Article
    • What is jaundice?
    • What causes jaundice?
    • What problems and symptoms does jaundice cause?
    • What diseases cause jaundice?
    • What about jaundice in pregnancy?
    • What is neonatal jaundice (jaundice in newborn infants)?
    • How is the cause of jaundice diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice?
    • Can jaundice be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for jaundice?
  • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) can be caused by a variety of benign conditions such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
    • Definition of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)
    • What symptoms are associated with rectal bleeding?
    • What are some of the causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Anal fissures
    • Diverticulitis, IBD, AVM, ischemic colitis, cancer, intussusception
    • Bacterial or viral infections
    • Ulcers or gastritis
    • Esophageal bleeding
    • Other causes
    • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Can blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
  • Pleural Effusion Pleural effusion is an excess fluid between the two membranes that envelop the lungs. There are two classifications of causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleural Effusion Article
    • What is pleural effusion?
    • What causes pleural effusion?
    • What are the risk factors for pleural effusion?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of pleural effusion?
    • When should I seek medical care for pleural effusion?
    • How is pleural effusion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pleural effusion?
    • What are the complications of pleural effusion?
    • Can pleural effusion be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pleural effusion?
    • Pleural Effusion At A Glance
  • Malaria Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Symptoms of malaria include chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How is malaria transmitted?
    • Where is malaria a particular problem?
    • What is the incubation period for malaria?
    • How is malaria diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • Is malaria a particular problem during pregnancy?
    • Is malaria a particular problem for children?
    • Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for people with malaria?
    • Is there a vaccine for malaria?
    • Where can people get more information about malaria?
  • Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Article
    • Viral hepatitis facts
    • Viral hepatitis definition and overview
    • What are the common types of viral hepatitis?
    • Who is at risk for viral hepatitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of viral hepatitis?
    • What is acute fulminant hepatitis?
    • What is chronic viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis prevented?
    • Hepatitis vaccinations
    • What is the prognosis of viral hepatitis?
  • In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) Article
    • Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) definition
    • What are the causes of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • Can primary biliary cirrhosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with primary biliary cirrhosis?
  • Fatigue Fatigue is a common health complaint by individuals. Fatigue is also referred to as feeling weary, tired, exhausted, lethargic,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Overview
    • Fatigue Causes
    • Fatigue Symptoms
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Fatigue Diagnosis
    • Fatigue Treatment
    • Fatigue Medical Treatment
    • Fatigue Prevention
    • Fatigue Prognosis
    • Authors and Editors
  • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Primary sclerosing cholangitis or PSC is a disease of the liver. The cause of PSC is not known. Symptoms may include itching,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Article
    • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) definition
    • What causes primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Medications
    • Liver transplant
    • What complications are associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Can primary sclerosing cholangitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
  • Blood in the Urine (Hematuria) Blood in the urine is called hematuria. Hematuria may be caused by infection, inflammation, or injury to the urinary system....learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in the Urine (Hematuria) Article
    • Blood in the Urine Overview
    • Causes of Blood in the Urine
    • Blood in the Urine Symptoms and Signs
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Diagnosis of Blood in the Urine: Lab Tests
    • Diagnosis of Blood in the Urine: Imaging and Cystoscopy
    • Blood in the Urine Treatment
    • Blood in the Urine Self-Care at Home
    • Blood in the Urine Medical Treatment
    • Blood in the Urine Follow-up
    • Blood in the Urine Prognosis
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?