GENERIC NAME: linaclotide
BRAND NAME: Linzess
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Linaclotide is an oral medication for the treatment of constipation. It is the first in a new class of drugs called guanylate cyclase-C agonists. It is used for relieving symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with constipation and for treating chronic constipation of unknown cause (idiopathic constipation). Linaclotide works locally in the intestine (it is not absorbed into the body) to increase bowel movements and reduce pain. Linaclotide's effects are due to an increase in the production of a chemical called cyclic guanosine monophosphate which increases fluid secretion into the intestine and reduces the sensitivity of pain-sensing nerves. The FDA approved linaclotide in August 2012.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Linaclotide is used for treatment of adults with IBS and constipation and for treating chronic constipation of unknown cause. It should not be used in children 17 years old or younger.
SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects of linaclotide are:
Linaclotide should be stopped if patients develop severe diarrhea. Other important side effects include:
Quick GuideIBS - Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Symptoms, Diet, Treatment
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