linaclotide (Linzess)

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GENERIC NAME: linaclotide

BRAND NAME: Linzess

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Linaclotide is an oral medication for the treatment of constipation. It is the first in a new class of drugs called guanylate cyclase-C agonists. It is used for relieving symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with constipation and for treating chronic constipation of unknown cause (idiopathic constipation). Linaclotide works locally in the intestine (it is not absorbed into the body) to increase bowel movements and reduce pain. Linaclotide's effects are due to an increase in the production of a chemical called cyclic guanosine monophosphate which increases fluid secretion into the intestine and reduces the sensitivity of pain-sensing nerves. The FDA approved linaclotide in August 2012.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: No

PREPARATIONS: Capsules: 145 and 290 mcg

STORAGE: Linaclotide should be stored at room temperature, 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F). It should be kept in the original container and protected from moisture. The dessicant (drying agent) should not be removed from the container.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Linaclotide is used for treatment of adults with IBS and constipation and for treating chronic constipation of unknown cause. It should not be used in children 17 years old or younger.




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