lidocaine and prilocaine (DermacinRx, Prizopak, EMLA, Leva Set, Lidopril, Livixil Pak, LP Lite Pak)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

What is lidocaine w/prilocaine-topical cream, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Lidocaine and prilocaine is a topical anesthetic cream. Lidocaine and prilocaine enter through the skin and block pain receptors in nerve endings. Lidocaine and prilocaine reduce conduction of nerve impulses by interrupting the transfer of sodium ions across the membranes of nerve cells. This results in a local anesthetic action. The FDA approved lidocaine/prilocaine in December 1992.

What brand names are available for lidocaine w/prilocaine-topical cream?

DermacinRx, Prizopak, EMLA, Leva Set, Lidopril, Livixil Pak, LP Lite Pak, Oraqix, Relador Pak, Venipuncture CPI

Is lidocaine w/prilocaine-topical cream available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

Do I need a prescription for lidocaine w/prilocaine-topical cream?

Yes

What are the uses for lidocaine w/prilocaine-topical cream?

Lidocaine and prilocaine cream is commonly used as a local anesthetic on normal intact skin and genital mucous areas, before minor procedures.

What are the side effects of lidocaine w/prilocaine-topical cream?

Common side effects of lidocaine and prilocaine are:

  • application site redness,
  • pain,
  • burning,
  • paleness,
  • edema, and
  • altered temperature sensation.

Other rare side effects include:

  • shock,
  • central nervous system depression,
  • hypersensitivity reactions, and
  • hypotension (low blood pressure).

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/1/2016

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