GENERIC NAME: lidocaine viscous solution
BRAND NAME: Xylocaine Viscous 2%
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Lidocaine viscous solution is a local anesthetic that is applied topically to treat painful mucous membranes or throat pain associated with oral diseases and for procedures involving the mouth or throat. Lidocaine provides pain relief by inhibiting the influx of sodium ions involved in the initiation and conduction of nerve impulses associated with the perception of pain. Lidocaine is a local amide anesthetic that is thought to reversibly block nerve conduction and thereby provide local pain relief.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Lidocaine viscous solution 2% is used to treat pain and discomfort associated with irritation or inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, insertion of instruments into the respiratory or digestive tracts, and diseases of the upper gastrointestinal tract. It is not recommended for treating teething pain in children.
SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects are associated with the local application of lidocaine and may include stinging, burning, and mild nausea.
Serious adverse effects include:
- allergic or anaphylactic reactions,
- low blood pressure,
- irregular heart beats,
- cardiac arrest,
- blurry vision,
- seizures, and
- breathing problems.
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