lidocaine (Lidoderm)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

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PREGNANCY AND BREASTFEEDING SAFETY: There are no adequate studies done on lidocaine patches to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.

Lidocaine may enter breast milk in trace amounts; therefore, it is best to be cautious before using it in nursing mothers.

STORAGE: Store lidocaine patches between temperatures of 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F).

DOSING: The recommended dose for lidocaine patches is to apply up to three patches, for up to 12 hours within a 24-hour period. Apply patches to intact skin to cover the most painful area; apply to intact skin, not over blisters or other skin that is not intact.

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Lidocaine is an amide-type, local anesthetic medication available in a patch form. Lidocaine, like other local anesthetics causes a loss of sensation by reducing the flow of sodium in and out nerves to decrease the initiation and transfer of nerve signals. The FDA approved lidocaine patch in March 1999.

Medically reviewed by Eni Williams, PharmD, PhD

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/1/2016

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