lidocaine (Lidoderm)

GENERIC NAME: lidocaine

BRAND NAME: Lidoderm

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Lidocaine is an amide-type, local anesthetic medication available in a patch form. Lidocaine, like other local anesthetics causes a loss of sensation by reducing the flow of sodium in and out nerves to decrease the initiation and transfer of nerve signals. The FDA approved lidocaine patch in March 1999.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Lidocaine patch: 5%

STORAGE: Store lidocaine patches between temperatures of 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Lidocaine patches are prescribed for relief of pain associated with postherpetic neuralgia.

DOSING: The recommended dose for lidocaine patches is to apply up to three patches, for up to 12 hours within a 24-hour period. Apply patches to intact skin to cover the most painful area; apply to intact skin, not over blisters or other skin that is not intact.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Lidocaine patches should be used with caution with anti-arrhythmia medications like amiodarone (Cordarone), propafenone (Rhythmol), sotalol (Betapace), tocainide (Tonocard) and mexiletine (Mexitil) because such combinations can affect heart rate and rhythm and cause other additive side effects.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/3/2014



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