GENERIC NAME: lidocaine HCl injection
BRAND NAME: Xylocaine, Xylocaine MPF
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Lidocaine injection is a local anesthetic. This means that it reduces sensation or pain in the area of the body where it is injected and does not affect other areas. It is similar to bupivacaine (Marcaine), articaine (Zorcaine), and Mepivacaine (Carbocaine). These drugs reduce sensation or pain by blocking nerve impulses that send pain sensations to the brain. Lidocaine starts working within 90 seconds and the effects last about 20 minutes. The FDA approved lidocaine in November 1948.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Lidocaine injections are used for production of local or regional anesthesia in order to perform various types of surgeries and procedures.
SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects of lidocaine are:
- injection site pain,
- feeling lightheaded,
- low blood pressure,
- blurry or double vision, and
Other important side effects which may be serious include:
- abnormal heart beats,
- slow heart beat,
- heart block,
- severe allergic reactions,
- respiratory arrest, and
Quick GuidePrescription Drug Abuse: Statistics, Facts, and Symptoms
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Need help identifying pills and medications?
Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.