levocarnitine (Carnitor, Carnitor Sugar-Free)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

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PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS:

  • Oral tablets: 330 mg
  • Oral solution: 1 g/10 ml

STORAGE: Levocarnitine should be stored at room temperature, between 15 C and 30 C (59 F and 86 F).

DOSING: Tablets

Adults: The recommended oral dosage for adults is 990 mg 2-3 times daily. The maximum dose is 3 g daily.

Infants and children: The recommended oral dosage for infants and children is between 50 and 100 mg/kg/day in divided doses, with a maximum of 3 g/day. Treatment should start at 50 mg/kg/day and then be increased if needed based on the response of the infant or child.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Combining levocarnitine and warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) may increase the risk of bleeding by an unknown mechanism. If these drugs must be combined, the effect of warfarin treatment must be closely monitored and the dosage must be adjusted accordingly.

PREGNANCY: Levocarnitine has not been adequately studied in pregnant women. Levocarnitine should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

NURSING MOTHERS: Levocarnitine supplementation has not been studied in nursing mothers, and it is not known whether levocarnitine is excreted into human milk.

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/14/2015
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