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- Leptospirosis facts
- What is leptospirosis?
- What causes leptospirosis?
- Is leptospirosis contagious? What is the contagious period for leptospirosis?
- What is the incubation period for leptospirosis?
- What are risk factors for leptospirosis?
- What are leptospirosis symptoms and signs?
- What specialists treat leptospirosis?
- How do physicians diagnose leptospirosis?
- What is the treatment for leptospirosis?
- What is the prognosis of leptospirosis?
- Is a vaccine available for leptospirosis? Is it possible to prevent leptospirosis?
What specialists treat leptospirosis?
Clinic doctors, primary-care doctors, pediatricians, and emergency-medicine specialists often treat leptospirosis in countries where it is endemic and the patients are in the first phase of the disease. Other specialists are often consulted if the patient begins to enter the second phase of the disease. These specialists may include critical-care, infectious-disease, hospitalists, internists, pulmonologists, cardiologists, and kidney specialists.
How do physicians diagnose leptospirosis?
Physicians make a presumptive diagnosis based on the patient's history and physical exam. Only specialized labs perform serological tests for leptospirosis. Health-care professionals may perform definitive tests by isolating the bacteria from the patient (blood or CSF) or by a positive microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Other tests (ELISA, PCR, urine dipsticks) may provide additional evidence of infection. Patients with severe symptoms should be treated as confirmatory tests are time consuming.