Learning Disability Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Learning Disability. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Learning Disability or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Bladder Cancer Treatment for bladder cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the grade of the tumor, and the type of bladder cancer. Options...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Cancer Article
    • Bladder Cancer Facts
    • What is the bladder?
    • What are the layers of the bladder?
    • What is bladder cancer?
    • What is the burden of bladder cancer in the U.S.?
    • What are the types of bladder cancer?
    • What are bladder cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are bladder cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is bladder cancer diagnosed?
    • How is bladder cancer staging determined?
    • What is bladder cancer grading?
    • What is transurethral surgery or "TURBT" for bladder cancer?
    • What is the treatment for superficial bladder cancer?
    • What is surveillance for bladder cancer?
    • What is the treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer?
    • What is chemotherapy for bladder cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for bladder cancer?
    • Can bladder cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information on bladder cancer?
    • What research is being done on bladder cancer?
  • Dyslexia Dyslexia affects a person's ability to spell, read, write, or even speak. It's considered the most common learning disability in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dyslexia Article
    • Dyslexia facts
    • What is dyslexia?
    • What causes dyslexia? What are the different types of dyslexia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dyslexia?
    • What do parents do if they see these signs and symptoms?
    • How is dyslexia diagnosed?
    • What type of treatment is available for dyslexia?
  • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Abuse Article
    • Drug abuse and addiction facts
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What is drug addiction?
    • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
    • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
    • How is drug addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
    • What are complications of drug addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of drug addiction?
    • Can drug abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can people get help for drug abuse or addiction?
  • Microcephaly Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Microcephaly Article
    • Microcephaly facts*
    • What is microcephaly?
    • What causes microcephaly?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of microcephaly?
    • Is there any treatment for microcephaly?
    • What is the prognosis for microcephaly?
    • What research is being done on microcephaly?
    • For more information
  • Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that results in the presence of an additional third chromosome 21, also referred to as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Down Syndrome Article
    • Down syndrome facts
    • What is Down syndrome?
    • What are the chromosome basics of Down syndrome?
    • How do the extra genes lead to Down syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for conceiving a child with Down syndrome?
    • What are the characteristic features and symptoms of Down syndrome?
    • What type of prenatal screening is available for Down syndrome?
    • How is the diagnosis of Down syndrome made?
    • What about cognitive impairment in Down syndrome?
    • What other conditions are associated with Down syndrome?
    • How is Down syndrome managed?
    • What about early intervention and education for Down syndrome?
    • What are the needs of infants and preschool children with Down syndrome?
    • How do adolescents with Down syndrome develop?
    • What should one expect for adults with Down syndrome?
    • Do individuals with Down syndrome work?
    • Where can I find clinical trials for Down syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Down syndrome?
  • Genetic Disease Genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Types of genetic inheritance include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Disease Article
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • What are the different types of inheritance?
    • Single gene inheritance
    • Multifactorial inheritance
    • Chromosome abnormalities
    • Mitochondrial inheritance
    • What is the human genome?
  • Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioral problem that may persist into adulthood. About...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Article
    • Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) facts
    • What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for adult ADHD?
    • How prevalent is adult ADHD?
    • What are symptoms and signs of adult ADHD?
    • How is ADHD in adults diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for adult ADHD?
    • Are there any home remedies for adult ADHD?
    • What are complications of adult ADHD?
    • What is the prognosis of adult ADHD?
    • Is it possible to prevent adult ADHD?
    • Are support groups available for those with adult ADHD?
    • Where can people find additional information on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
  • Fragile X Syndrome Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation. It's caused by a mutation on the X chromosome. People...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fragile X Syndrome Article
    • Fragile X syndrome facts*
    • What is Fragile X syndrome?
    • What causes Fragile X syndrome?
    • What keeps the FMR1 gene from producing FMRP in Fragile X syndrome?
    • Human cells 101
    • How many people are affected by Fragile X syndrome?
    • How is Fragile X syndrome inherited?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Fragile X syndrome?
    • Intelligence and learning
    • Physical
    • Social and emotional
    • Speech and language
    • Sensory
    • Is there a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Are there treatments for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Educational options
    • Therapeutic options
    • Medication options
    • What are the options for adults who have Fragile X syndrome?
    • What should I do if I find out someone in my family has Fragile X syndrome?
    • What is being done to develop treatments or a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Where can I go for more information about Fragile X syndrome?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • Aphasia Aphasia is a condition that is the result of damage to portions of the brain. It can be caused by stroke, head injury, brain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aphasia Article
    • Aphasia facts*
    • What is aphasia?
    • Who has aphasia?
    • What are the types of aphasia?
    • What is the treatment for aphasia?
    • What is the prognosis for aphasia?
    • What research is being done for aphasia?
  • Birth Defects Birth defects have many causes and currently, are the leading cause of death for infants in the first year of life. Some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birth Defects Article
    • Birth defects facts*
    • What are birth defects?
    • What causes birth defects?
    • What are the different types of birth defects?
    • What are the treatments for birth defects?
  • Williams Syndrome Williams syndrome is a developmental disorder that affects many parts of the body. Features may include intellectual disability,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Williams Syndrome Article
    • Williams syndrome facts*
    • What is Williams syndrome?
    • How common is Williams syndrome?
    • What are the genetic changes related to Williams syndrome?
    • Can Williams syndrome be inherited?
    • What other names do people use for Williams syndrome?
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome Prader-Willi syndrome is a condition characterized by severe floppiness (hypotonia), poor growth, delayed development, and poor...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prader-Willi Syndrome Article
    • Prader-Willi syndrome facts*
    • What is Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and physical features of Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • How common is, and what causes Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Can Prader-Willi syndrome be inherited?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Where can I find additional information about Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What if I still have specific questions about Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Where can I find general information about genetic conditions?
  • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental-health condition that causes the following symptoms in children:...learn more »
    In This Article
    ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Article
    • ADHD in children facts
    • What is ADHD?
    • What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in children?
    • What are signs and symptoms of ADHD in children?
    • Are there ADHD tests? How do physicians diagnose ADHD in children?
    • What are the treatments for ADHD in children? What are possible side effects of ADHD medications?
    • What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
    • What is the latest research on ADHD in children?
    • Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
    • Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Spina bifida is the most common neural tube defect in the United States. There are four types of spina bifida; 1) occulta, 2)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Article
    • Spina bifida facts*
    • Introduction to spina bifida
    • What is spina bifida?
    • What are the different types of spina bifida?
    • What causes spina bifida?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of spina bifida?
    • What are the complications of spina bifida?
    • How is spina bifida diagnosed?
    • How is spina bifida treated?
    • Can spina bifida be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for spina bifida?
    • What research is being done on spina bifida?
  • Auditory Processing Disorder in Children Children with auditory processing disorders often do not recognize subtle differences between sounds in words, even though the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Auditory Processing Disorder in Children Article
    • Introduction to auditory processing disorder
    • What is auditory processing?
    • What causes auditory processing difficulty?
    • What are the symptoms of possible auditory processing difficulty?
    • How is suspected auditory processing difficulty diagnosed in children?
    • What current research is being conducted?
    • What treatments are available for auditory processing difficulty?
  • Face Blindness (Prosopagnosia) Face blindness (prosopagnosia) is a condition that causes the inability to recognize faces. Face blindness may be caused by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Face Blindness (Prosopagnosia) Article
    • Prosopagnosia (face blindness) facts*
    • What is prosopagnosia?
    • Is there any treatment?
    • What is the prognosis?
    • What research is being done?
  • Child Abuse Approximately 40 million children suffer abuse every year around the world, and more than 1,500 children die of abuse in the U.S....learn more »
    In This Article
    Child Abuse Article
    • Child abuse facts
    • What is child abuse?
    • What are the different types of child abuse?
    • What are risk factors for child abuse?
    • What are symptoms and signs of child abuse?
    • How do physicians diagnose child abuse?
    • What is the treatment for child abuse?
    • What are the complications and prognosis of child abuse?
    • Is it possible to prevent child abuse?
    • What should people do if they suspect that a child is being abused?
    • Where can people find more information about child abuse?
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Consuming alcohol during pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome, a group of conditions associated with mental, growth, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Article
    • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) facts
    • What is fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What causes fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are symptoms and signs of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • How do physicians diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are the complications and long-term effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • Is it safe to consume alcohol and breastfeed?
    • Where can people find more information about fetal alcohol syndrome?
  • Canavan Disease Canavan disease is an inherited genetic disorder that typically causes death before 10 years of age. Signs and symptoms of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Canavan Disease Article
    • Canavan disease facts*
    • What is Canavan disease?
    • What causes Canavan disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Canavan disease?
    • Is there any treatment for Canavan disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Canavan disease?
    • What research is being done on Canavan disease?
  • Sign Language American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex language that employs signs made with the hands and other movements,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sign Language Article
    • What is American Sign Language?
    • Is sign language the same around the globe?
    • Where did American Sign Language originate?
    • How does American Sign Language compare with spoken language?
    • Why does American Sign Language become a first language for many deaf people?
    • Why emphasize early sign language learning?
    • What does recent research say about American Sign Language and other sign languages?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are developmental disorders that do not appear to be linked to vaccines. More people than ever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs Article
    • Do vaccines cause autism spectrum disorders (ASDs)?
    • Is there an ASD epidemic?
    • Can adults be diagnosed with an ASD?
    • How many children with ASDs are being served through public special education programs?
    • Has the number of children being served under an ASD classification in public special education programs changed?
    • How do the rates of ASDs in special education compare with those of other special education categories?
    • What are mitochondrial diseases?
    • Is there a link between mitochondrial diseases and ASDs?

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