- What is latanoprost, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for latanoprost?
- Is latanoprost available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for latanoprost?
- What are the side effects of latanoprost?
- What is the dosage for latanoprost?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with latanoprost?
- Is latanoprost safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about latanoprost?
What is latanoprost, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Latanoprost, a derivative of the chemical, prostaglandin F2-alpha, is used for the treatment of glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition in which the pressure exerted by the liquid within the eyeball (the aqueous humor) is too great. The high pressure damages the optic nerve at the back of the eye. The damage interferes with the ability of the nerve to transmit visual images from the eye to the brain and thus can lead to blindness. Prostaglandins control the flow of the aqueous humor out of the eye. Latanoprost, by binding to a specific receptor for prostaglandin, increases the flow of aqueous humor out of the eye, thereby reducing the pressure within the eye and reducing the risk of nerve damage and blindness. When latanoprost and timolol (Timoptic) (a different drug that also is used to treat glaucoma) are used in combination, there is a greater reduction in pressure than when either drug is used alone. Latanoprost was approved by the FDA in 1996.
What brand names are available for latanoprost?
Is latanoprost available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes PREPARATIONS: Ophthalmic solution: 50 µg/ml, 2.5ml.
Do I need a prescription for latanoprost?
What are the side effects of latanoprost?
Between 5% and 15% (between 1 in 20 and 1 in 6) of persons receiving latanoprost for 6 months report at least one side effect localized to the eyes. These side effects included:
- blurred vision,
- a sensation of a foreign body,
- discoloration of the iris,
- burning, and
Discoloration of the iris begins slowly. It is caused by an increase in the amount of brown pigment in the iris and may be permanent. Other side effects which have been reported less frequently include:
- dryness of the eyes,
- increased tearing,
- eye pain,
- and other eye-related discomfort.
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