LASIK Eye Surgery

  • Medical Author:
    J. Bradley Randleman, MD

    Dr. Randleman received his BA degree from Columbia University in New York City. He earned his MD degree from Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, where he was elected to the Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society. He completed his residency training at Emory University, serving as Chief Resident in his final year. He then completed a fellowship in Cornea/External disease and refractive surgery at Emory University.

  • Coauthor: John F. Payne, MD
  • Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Quick GuideLASIK Eye Surgery: Better Vision with Laser Surgery

LASIK Eye Surgery: Better Vision with Laser Surgery

What are the advantages of LASIK surgery?

In summary, despite the risks outlined above, LASIK has been proven to be safe and effective for most people. With careful patient screening and selection, reasonable expectations, and in the care of an experienced surgeon, most patients will be very pleased with their results. These are some of the other advantages of LASIK:

  • LASIK is able to accurately correct most levels of myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism.
  • The procedure is fast, usually lasting only five to 10 minutes, and is generally painless.
  • Because the laser is guided by a computer, it is very precise and results are very accurate.
  • In most cases, a single treatment will achieve the desired outcome; however, enhancements are possible if needed, even many years after the initial surgery.

What are the disadvantages of LASIK surgery?

  • Because each patient will heal slightly differently, results may vary from patient to patient.
  • LASIK could make some aspects of your vision worse, including night vision with glare and halos.
  • LASIK may make dry-eye symptoms worse in certain individuals.
  • In rare circumstances, LASIK can make your vision worse and not correctable with regular glasses or contact lenses.

LASIK checklist

  1. Know your refractive error.
  2. Know your treatment options.
  3. Know the type of laser that has been recommended for your treatment and why this specific laser was chosen.
  4. Know what to look for to determine if you are a good candidate for surgery.
    • Career issues
    • Vision stability
    • Medical or eye diseases
    • Age
    • Corneal thickness
    • Corneal Shape and curvature
    • Pupil size
    • Dry Eyes
    • Previous refractive surgery
  5. Know the risks possible with surgery.
    • Over-correction or under-correction
    • May still need glasses or contacts after surgery
    • Results may not be permanent
    • Visual aberrations
    • Dry eye may worsen
    • May lose vision
  6. Know how to find the right surgeon.
    • Experienced
    • Good reputation in community
    • Access to latest technology
    • Available after surgery to manage any complications that may occur
    • Beware of "guarantees"
  7. Know what to expect before, during, and after surgery.

Medically reviewed by William Baer, MD; Board Certified Ophthalmology


"Laser Refractive Surgery"

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/23/2016

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