- Cancer 101: Cancer Explained
- Guide to Breast Cancer
- Skin Cancer Risks
- Patient Comments: Larynx Cancer - Describe Your Experience
- Patient Comments: Larynx Cancer - Symptoms and Signs
- Find a local Oncologist in your town
- Throat cancer (larynx cancer) facts*
- What is throat (larynx) cancer?
- What causes throat cancer?
- What are the risk factors for throat cancer?
- What are the types of larynx (throat) cancer?
- What are the symptoms and signs of throat cancer?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose throat cancer?
- How is throat cancer staging determined?
- What kinds of specialists treat throat cancer?
- What is the treatment for throat cancer?
- Are there home remedies for throat (larynx) cancer?
- What kind of support is available for those with throat cancer?
- What is the prognosis for patients with throat cancer?
- Is it possible to prevent throat cancer?
Quick GuideUnderstanding Cancer: Metastasis, Stages of Cancer, Pictures
How is throat cancer staging determined?
Throat cancer staging is determined by a TNM staging system. The system was developed by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and is presented below.
AJCC Cancer Staging
- T stands for tumor (how far it has spread within the larynx or pharynx and to nearby tissues).
- N describes whether the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
- M stands for metastasis (spread of the cancer) to distant organs.
All of this information is combined to arrive at a disease stage. After stage 0 (which is carcinoma in situ or cancer that has not grown beyond the cells lining the throat), stages are labeled using Roman numerals from I through IV (that is, 1 through 4). The smaller the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number, for example stage IV, indicates a more serious stage of the disease.
What kinds of specialists treat throat cancer?
Most institutions take a team approach to each individual with throat cancer. In general, depending upon the extent of the individual's cancer (see, TMN system above), a person's team of specialists may include the following:
- Plastic surgeons
- Radiation oncologists
- Swallowing experts
- Speech pathologists
- Therapists (physical, occupational, and speech)
The involvement of many specialists has been found to provide an individual with the best chance of treating and/or surviving the various types of throat cancers and reducing symptoms. These specialists also can identify local support groups that can help the patient and family members cope with the lifestyle changes needed to live well with the disease.