Table of Contents
- Laryngitis facts
- What is laryngitis?
- What causes laryngitis?
- What are the signs and symptoms of laryngitis?
- Symptoms of laryngitis in adults
- Symptoms of laryngitis in infants and children
- Is laryngitis contagious?
- How does laryngitis last?
- How is laryngitis diagnosed?
- What kinds of doctors treat laryngitis?
- What is the treatment for laryngitis?
- Are there any home remedies to soothe and cure laryngitis?
- What are the complications of laryngitis?
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Symptoms of laryngitis in infants and children
In infants and children with croup, breathing becomes more difficult. As the child tries to inhale through a swollen and narrow larynx, the cartilage may collapse, just like when attempting to breathe through a straw. As we age, the cartilage becomes stiffer and is able to withstand deeply indrawn breaths, but in children the cartilage is weaker and with each inspiration, the child may need to work hard to inhale. The maturing of laryngeal cartilage and widening of airways usually occurs by age 6 or 7.
In infants and children with croup, breathing may become more difficult. As the child inhales through a swollen and narrow larynx, the tissues surrounding the upper airway may collapse, just like when attempting to breathe through a straw. This leads to the classic "seal-like" barky cough associated with croup.
Coup is a viral infection of the upper airways. Symptoms may include:
- A hoarse barky cough
- some measure of respiratory distress where the infant or child works harder to breathe to draw air in through the inflamed voice box area
- Symptoms that are more severe at night
Other symptoms of laryngitis
When the cause of laryngitis is not infectious, cough may be a significant symptom along with the hoarseness. There also can be a fullness felt in the throat. The patient also may complain of difficulty swallowing and have shortness of breath. Rarely, the patient can cough up blood-tinged saliva if the inflammation causes minor bleeding.
Tintinalli JE, etal. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th edition McGraw hill Professional. 2010.