lactobacillus acidophilus (cont.)

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PREPARATIONS: The bacteria are available in many different preparations - Oral: capsules, caplets, chewable tablets, tablets, granules, powder. It is also in dietary supplements and fermented foods such as yogurt.

STORAGE: Lactobacillus preparationsshould be stored at 15-30°C.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Lactobacillus acidophilus is used to help re-establish the normal gut or intestinal flora. It is used to restore intestinal flora, the loss of which may be caused by antibiotic treatment and is associated with diarrhea.

DOSING: Adults: Dosing varies by manufacturer. Some dosing examples include 1 to 2 capsules daily; 8 oz of yogurt twice daily; or 1 to 10 billion colony forming units (CFU) daily divided in 3 to 4 doses.

Take at least 2 hours after receiving an antibiotic and continue for several days after stopping antibiotic treatment.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: No significant drug interactions reported.

PREGNANCY: Lactobacillus acidophilus has not been adequately evaluated in pregnant women.

NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known whether Lactobacillus acidophilus is secreted into breast milk.

SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects include bloating and flatulence (gas). Less common side effects include constipation, hiccups, nausea, rash, and infection.

REFERENCE: Medline Plus - National Library of Medicine
Medscape - Lactobacillus

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/9/2014

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