Kyphosis Index

Featured: Kyphosis Main Article

Kyphosis is outward curvature of the thoracic spine (upper back). Abnormal kyphosis results in the appearance of a hunchback, which is accompanied by back pain, stiffness, and muscle fatigue in the back. There are three types of abnormal kyphosis: postural, Scheuermann's, and congenital kyphosis. Postural kyphosis is caused by poor posture and a weakening of the back's muscles and ligaments. Scheuermann's kyphosis is caused by a structural deformity of the vertebrae. Congenital kyphosis is caused by an abnormal development of the vertebrae prior to birth. Treatment of kyphosis depends upon the type of kyphosis the patient has.

    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Achondroplasia A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications...learn more »
      In This Article
      Achondroplasia Article
      • Achondroplasia facts
      • What is achondroplasia?
      • What are the characteristics of achondroplasia?
      • How is achondroplasia diagnosed?
      • What can be done for patients with achondroplasia?
      • How is achondroplasia inherited?
      • What if someone with achondroplasia has children?
      • What if two people with achondroplasia have children?
      • What gene causes achondroplasia?
    • Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing...learn more »
      In This Article
      Ankylosing Spondylitis Article
      • Ankylosing spondylitis facts
      • What is ankylosing spondylitis?
      • What causes ankylosing spondylitis?
      • What are ankylosing spondylitis symptoms and signs?
      • How is ankylosing spondylitis diagnosed?
      • What are ankylosing spondylitis treatment options?
      • Can ankylosing spondylitis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
      • What is in the future for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
      • Where can people find more information about ankylosing spondylitis and learn about support groups?
    • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
      In This Article
      Osteoporosis Article
      • Osteoporosis facts
      • What is osteoporosis?
      • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
      • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
      • Why is osteoporosis an important public health issue?
      • What factors determine bone strength?
      • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
      • How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
      • Who should have bone density testing?
      • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
      • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
      • Calcium supplements
      • Vitamin D
      • Hormone therapy (hormone replacement therapy, menopausal replacement therapy)
      • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
      • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
      • Prevention of osteoporosis caused by long-term corticosteroids
      • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy medication
      • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
      • What are complications of osteoporosis?
      • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
    • Fitness Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....learn more »
      In This Article
      Fitness Article
      • The importance of physical activity and fitness
      • Why should I be active?
      • Can everyone benefit from physical activity?
      • What are the recommendations for increasing fitness for youth, adults, and seniors?
      • How do I get started with a fitness plan?
      • When is a medical evaluation necessary?
      • How can I make physical activity a part of my life?
      • What are the components of physical fitness?
      • Fitness terms
    • Arthritis Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness...learn more »
      In This Article
      Arthritis Article
      • Arthritis facts
      • What is arthritis? What causes arthritis?
      • What are risk factors for arthritis?
      • What are arthritis symptoms and signs?
      • Who is affected by arthritis?
      • How is arthritis diagnosed, and why is a diagnosis important?
      • What is the treatment for arthritis?
      • Is there a special diet for arthritis?
      • What are the prognosis (outlook) for arthritis, and what are arthritis complications?
      • Can arthritis be prevented?
      • What is a rheumatologist?
      • What is the Arthritis Foundation?
    • Scoliosis Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on...learn more »
      In This Article
      Scoliosis Article
      • Scoliosis facts
      • What is scoliosis?
      • What causes scoliosis?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of scoliosis?
      • How is scoliosis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for scoliosis?
      • What is the prognosis for scoliosis?
      • Is there a cure for scoliosis?
      • Where can people get more information on scoliosis?

Health & Living

Procedures & Tests

Health Features

Tools & References


Terms related to Kyphosis:

  • Congenital Kyphosis
  • Postural Kyphosis
  • Scheuermann's Kyphosis