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- Patient Comments: Adenovirus 14 - Signs and Symptoms
- Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) facts
- What is the killer cold virus?
- Is Adenovirus 14 contagious?
- How is Adenovirus 14 transmitted?
- What are risk factors for an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- What is the incubation period for an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- What is the contagious period for an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- How long does it take to get over an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- What are symptoms and signs of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- How do health care professionals diagnose an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- What is the treatment for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
- What are complications of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- What is the prognosis for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
- Is it possible to prevent an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- Is there an Adenovirus 14 vaccine?
- Where can people get more information about the killer cold virus (Adenovirus 14)?
How do health care professionals diagnose an Adenovirus 14 infection?
Diagnosis begins with a complete medical history and physical exam, especially noting if the patient has been associated with any group of people that has similar symptoms (clinical evidence). Ad14 is one of several possible causative agents for an outbreak of respiratory problems in members of a group, like military recruits. To provide a definitive diagnosis of Ad14, blood, tissue, and/or exudates can be specifically cultured for the virus. Rising serum titers of antibodies toAd14, immunofluorescence tests for virus antigens in tissues, and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are also considered tests that provide a definitive diagnosis. However, in the vast majority of infected patients, such specific testing is not done and is not clinically necessary. It does not alter the management of the infected person. Electron microscopy shows the virus structure (Figure 1) but does not identify the strain. Supportive tests may include chest X-rays and blood tests and others that the health care professional deems appropriate.
For further information on Adenovirus structure, see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8174/.