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- Patient Comments: Adenovirus 14 - Signs and Symptoms
- Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) facts
- What is the killer cold virus?
- What are symptoms and signs of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- What causes an infection with Adenovirus 14 (Ad14)?
- How is an Adenovirus 14 infection diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
- What are complications of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
- What is the prognosis for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
- Can an Adenovirus 14 infection be prevented?
- Where can people get more information about the killer cold virus (Adenovirus 14)?
What is the treatment for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
Treatment for Ad14 infection in most people consists of supportive care (rest, fluids, and fever reduction) because many people do well and have no problems. However, the Ad14 infections that progress require more intensive care; about 40% have required hospitalization in some outbreaks and some require respiratory assistance (intubation or mechanical breathing support) and intensive care. Mortality (death) rate has been as high as 5% in some settings.
There are many reports of use of antivirals in severe Ad14 infections, but there are no good studies that support specific antivirals. Some benefits of antivirals such as ribavirin (Rebetol, Copegus) and cidofovir (Vistide) have been documented in ill patients; in severe cases, clinicians may try such agents because there is no other treatment other than supportive care. The effectiveness of antiviral medications has not been well studied in Ad14 infections. Consultation with an infectious disease, pulmonary, or ophthalmologist consultant, depending where the severe infection is located, is advised.
What are complications of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
Most people require neither treatment nor hospitalization, and they do not develop complications. However, complications may be mild to dire if the Ad14 disease progresses and the complication types are related to the organ system(s) bearing the most severe infection. Complications include bronchitis, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, meningitis, hepatitis, bladder infection (cystitis), diarrhea, ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome), and death.