Kidney Failure Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Kidney Failure. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Kidney Failure or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Kidney Pain Kidney pain has a variety of causes and symptoms. Infection, injury, trauma, bleeding disorders, and less common conditions may...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Pain Article
    • What are the kidneys?
    • Where are the kidneys located?
    • What is the function of the kidneys?
    • What are the symptoms of kidney pain?
    • What are some of the kidney conditions and diseases that cause kidney pain?
    • When should I see my doctor about kidney pain?
    • What are common tests are available to diagnose kidney diseases?
    • How is kidney pain treated?
  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Cirrhosis (Liver) Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cirrhosis (Liver) Article
    • Cirrhosis facts
    • What is cirrhosis?
    • Why does cirrhosis cause problems?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of cirrhosis?
    • What are the common causes of cirrhosis?
    • How is cirrhosis diagnosed and evaluated?
    • How is cirrhosis treated?
    • What is new and in the future for cirrhosis?
  • Hiccups Hiccups are a sudden, involuntary contraction of the diaphragm muscle. In general hiccups are just a temporary condition. Some of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hiccups Article
    • Hiccup facts
    • What are hiccups?
    • What causes hiccups?
    • What are the symptoms of hiccups?
    • When should I contact my doctor for hiccups?
    • How are hiccups diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment or cure for hiccups?
    • Are there any complications of hiccups?
    • Can hiccups be prevented?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • Can dehydration be prevented?
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are the signs or symptoms of sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • How is sepsis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • How can sepsis (blood poisoning) be prevented?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis (blood poisoning)?
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Restless Leg Syndrome Article
    • Restless leg syndrome facts
    • What is restless leg syndrome (RLS)?
    • What causes restless leg syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of restless leg syndrome?
    • How is restless leg syndrome diagnosed?
    • Can other conditions mimic restless leg syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for restless leg syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat restless leg syndrome?
    • Are there any remedies or complimentary/alternative treatments for restless leg syndrome?
  • Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Thrombocytopenia refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. There are many causes of thrombocytopenia such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Article
    • Thrombocytopenia facts
    • What is thrombocytopenia?
    • What causes thrombocytopenia?
    • What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    • When should I seek medical care for thrombocytopenia?
    • How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?
    • How is thrombocytopenia treated?
    • What are the complications of thrombocytopenia?
    • Can thrombocytopenia be prevented?
  • Dry Skin Dry skin (xeroderma) may be caused by external factors, like cold temperatures, low humidity, harsh soaps, and certain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Skin Article
    • Dry skin facts
    • What is dry skin?
    • What causes dry skin?
    • What are signs and symptoms of dry skin?
    • How is dry skin diagnosed?
    • Does dry skin cause winter itch?
    • Do genetics play a role in dry skin?
    • What medical conditions cause dry skin?
    • Do any medications cause dry skin?
    • What is the treatment for dry skin?
    • What are possible complications of dry skin?
    • What are some home remedies for dry skin?
    • How can dry skin be prevented?
    • What are the best products for dry skin?
  • Peripheral Neuropathy Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Neuropathy Article
    • Peripheral neuropathy facts
    • What is peripheral neuropathy?
    • What causes peripheral neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
    • How is peripheral neuropathy diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for peripheral neuropathy?
    • Can peripheral neuropathy be prevented?
  • Lupus Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What causes systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Gout (Gouty Arthritis) Buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint causes gouty arthritis. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, swelling, heat, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gout (Gouty Arthritis) Article
    • Gout facts
    • What is gout?
    • What causes gout?
    • What are risk factors for gout?
    • What are symptoms and signs of gout?
    • How is gout diagnosed?
    • When should gout be treated?
    • What is the treatment for gout?
    • Do gout medications have any side effects?
    • What foods should people with gout avoid?
    • What complications are associated with gout?
    • What is the prognosis of gout?
    • Is it possible to prevent gout?
    • What research is being done on gout?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications for ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for ascites?
  • Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium) Hyperkalemia is an abnormally high level of potassium in the blood. Symptoms of hyperkalemia include nausea, fatigue, tingling...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium) Article
    • What is hyperkalemia?
    • How does hyperkalemia affect the body?
    • What are the symptoms of hyperkalemia?
    • What causes hyperkalemia?
    • Kidney dysfunction
    • Diseases of the adrenal gland
    • Potassium shifts
    • Medications
    • How is hyperkalemia diagnosed?
    • How is hyperkalemia treated?
  • Pulmonary Edema Pulmonary edema (swelling or fluid in the lungs) can either be caused by cardiogenic causes (congestive heart failure, heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Edema Article
    • Pulmonary edema facts
    • What is pulmonary edema?
    • What causes pulmonary edema?
    • What are the risk factors for pulmonary edema?
    • What are the symptoms of pulmonary edema?
    • When should I seek medical care for pulmonary edema?
    • How is pulmonary edema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary edema?
    • What are the complications of pulmonary edema?
    • How can pulmonary edema be prevented?
  • Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Article
    • Hypercalcemia facts
    • Hypercalcemia Introduction
    • What are the causes of hypercalcemia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia?
    • How is hypercalcemia diagnosed?
    • How is hypercalcemia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for hypercalcemia?
    • Can hypercalcemia be prevented?
  • Rhabdomyolysis Rhabdomyolysis is a rapid deterioration and destruction of skeletal muscle. Some of the causes of rhabdomyolysis include severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rhabdomyolysis Article
    • Rhabdomyolysis facts
    • What is rhabdomyolysis?
    • What causes rhabdomyolysis?
    • What are the symptoms of rhabdomyolysis?
    • What should I do if I think I have rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis diagnosed?
    • What are the complications of rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis treated?
    • What is the prognosis for rhabdomyolysis?
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
  • Gynecomastia Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the gland tissue in the male breast is the caused by an imbalance of hormones. Certain medical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gynecomastia Article
    • Gynecomastia facts
    • What is gynecomastia?
    • What causes gynecomastia?
    • What are the risk factors for gynecomastia?
    • What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
    • When should I call the doctor about gynecomastia?
    • How is gynecomastia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gynecomastia?
    • Surgical treatments
    • What are the complications of gynecomastia?
    • Can gynecomastia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gynecomastia?
  • Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Article
    • Preeclampsia and eclampsia facts
    • What are preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Who is at risk for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are the symptoms of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • How are preeclampsia and eclampsia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Can preeclampsia and eclampsia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
  • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arsenic Poisoning Article
    • Arsenic facts
    • What is arsenic?
    • What is inorganic arsenic?
    • What is organic arsenic?
    • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
    • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
    • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
    • What foods (rice), products (apple juice) , or liquids (water) is arsenic found in, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
  • Pleural Effusion Pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the chest or on the lungs. There are two types of pleural effusion, trandsudate and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleural Effusion Article
    • Pleural effusion definition
    • What are the causes of pleural effusion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pleural effusion?
    • What are the risk factors for pleural effusion?
    • How is pleural effusion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pleural effusion?
    • What are the complications of pleural effusion?
    • Can pleural effusion be prevented?
  • Amyloidosis Amyloidosis is a group of diseases resulting from abnormal deposition of certain proteins (amyloids) in various bodily areas. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amyloidosis Article
    • Amyloidosis facts
    • What is amyloidosis?
    • What causes amyloidosis?
    • What are risk factors for amyloidosis?
    • What are amyloidosis symptoms and signs?
    • How is amyloidosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for amyloidosis?
    • What are complications of amyloidosis?
    • What is the prognosis of amyloidosis?
    • Can amyloidosis be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information on amyloidosis?
  • Burns (First Aid) Burns are categorized by severity as first, second, or third degree. First degree burns are similar to a painful sunburn. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Burns (First Aid) Article
    • Introduction to burns
    • How are burns classified?
    • What is the significance of the amount of body area burned?
    • How important is the location of a burn?
    • What about electrical burns?
    • What about chemical burns?
    • First aid for burns
  • Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized....learn more »
    In This Article
    Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Article
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) facts
    • What are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • What causes a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are risk factors for vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • How are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • How do physicians diagnose vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infections?
    • What is the treatment for a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are the complications of VRE infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • What precautions should people take when tending to someone with a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What research is being done on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • Where can people find more information on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
  • Scleroderma Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleroderma Article
    • Scleroderma facts
    • What is scleroderma?
    • What causes scleroderma?
    • What are risk factors for developing scleroderma?
    • How is scleroderma classified?
    • What are scleroderma symptoms and signs?
    • How is scleroderma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleroderma?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with scleroderma?
    • Can scleroderma be prevented?
  • Compartment Syndrome Compartment syndrome is a condition in which swelling and an increase in pressure within a limited space presses and compresses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Compartment Syndrome Article
    • Compartment syndrome facts
    • What is compartment syndrome?
    • What causes compartment syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for compartment syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of compartment syndrome?
    • When should I seek medical care for compartment syndrome?
    • How is compartment syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for compartment syndrome?
    • Surgery (fasciotomy)
    • What are the complications of compartment syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for compartment syndrome?
  • Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes insipidus is a condition in which the patient has frequent urination. Symptoms of diabetes insipidus include irritable,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes Insipidus Article
    • Diabetes insipidus facts*
    • What is diabetes insipidus, and what are the symptoms of the condition?
    • What is the difference between diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus?
    • How is fluid in the body normally regulated?
    • What are the types of diabetes insipidus?
    • How is diabetes insipidus diagnosed?
    • For more information about diabetes insipidus
  • Lymphedema Lymphedema is a condition in which one or more extremities become swollen as the result of an impaired flow of the lymphatic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lymphedema Article
    • Lymphedema facts
    • What is lymphedema?
    • What causes lymphedema?
    • What are the symptoms of lymphedema?
    • How is lymphedema diagnosed?
    • What are possible treatments for lymphedema?
    • What are complications of lymphedema?
    • Can lymphedema be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for lymphedema?
    • Where can one get help and support for lymphedema?
  • High Blood Pressure Treatment High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Treatment Article
    • What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?
    • Which lifestyle modifications are beneficial in treating high blood pressure?
    • Alcohol
    • Smoking
    • Coffee and caffeinated beverages
    • Salt
    • Other dietary considerations
    • Obesity
    • Exercise and stress reduction
    • How is high blood pressure treated?
    • Starting treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment with combinations of drugs for high blood pressure
    • Emergency treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment during pregnancy
    • Which medications are used to treat high blood pressure?
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE Inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers
    • Beta blockers
    • Diuretics
    • Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)
    • Alpha blockers
    • Clonidine
    • Minoxidil
    • Renin inhibitors
    • Aldosterone blockers
    • Combining agents
    • What about the patient's compliance with medication regimens?
    • Is alternative medicine used to treat high blood pressure?
    • What are the complications of high blood pressure?
    • Can high blood pressure be prevented?
    • What's new in high blood pressure?
  • Hydronephrosis Distention of the kidney with urine. Hydronephrosis is caused by obstruction of urine outflow (for example, by a stone blocking...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydronephrosis Article
    • Hydronephrosis facts
    • What is hydronephrosis?
    • What causes hydronephrosis?
    • What are the symptoms of hydronephrosis?
    • When should I seek medical care for hydronephrosis?
    • How is hydronephrosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hydronephrosis?
    • What are the complications of hydronephrosis?
    • Can hydronephrosis be prevented?
  • Pulmonary Hypertension Pulmonary hypertension is an abnormal elevation of the pressure in the pulmonary circulation caused by the constriction of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Hypertension Article
    • What are pulmonary arteries?
    • What is pulmonary hypertension?
    • What are primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension?
    • What causes pulmonary hypertension?
    • What causes primary pulmonary hypertension?
    • How common is pulmonary hypertension?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension?
    • How is pulmonary hypertension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary hypertension?
    • What is the life expectancy for pulmonary hypertension?
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is characterized by numerous cysts in the kidneys. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Article
    • Polycystic kidney disease facts*
    • What is polycystic kidney disease?
    • What is autosomal dominant PKD?
    • What are the symptoms of autosomal dominant PKD?
    • How is autosomal dominant PKD diagnosed?
    • How is autosomal dominant PKD treated?
    • What is autosomal recessive PKD?
    • What are the symptoms of autosomal recessive PKD?
    • How is autosomal recessive PKD diagnosed?
    • How is autosomal recessive PKD treated?
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • Hope through research
  • Renal Artery Stenosis Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing of the diameter of the renal arteries. When the renal arteries narrow, the result is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Renal Artery Stenosis Article
    • Renal artery stenosis facts
    • What are the renal arteries?
    • What is renal artery stenosis?
    • What are the causes of renal artery stenosis?
    • How common is renal artery stenosis?
    • What are the symptoms of renal artery stenosis?
    • What problems does renal artery stenosis cause?
    • Who should be screened for renal artery stenosis?
    • How is renal artery stenosis diagnosed?
    • What are the common imaging tests to evaluate renal artery stenosis?
    • What functional tests are used for the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis?
    • What are medical treatments for renal artery stenosis?
    • What surgical procedures are available for renal artery stenosis?
    • Which patients can benefit from surgical procedures for renal artery stenosis?
  • Hypertensive Kidney Disease High blood pressure can damage the kidneys and is one of the leading causes of kidney failure (end-stage renal kidney disease)....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypertensive Kidney Disease Article
    • High blood pressure and kidney disease facts*
    • Introduction to high blood pressure (hypertension) and kidney disease
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • How does high blood pressure hurt the kidneys?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease? (CKD)?
    • How can kidney damage from high blood pressure be prevented?
    • How can high blood pressure be controlled?
    • Can medicines help control blood pressure?
    • Who is at risk for kidney failure related to high blood pressure?
    • Hope Through Research
  • Diabetes and Kidney Disease In the United States diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure. High blood pressure and high levels of blood glucose...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes and Kidney Disease Article
    • Kidney Disease of Diabetes Facts*
    • The Burden of Kidney Failure
    • The Course of Kidney Disease
    • Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease
    • Effects of High Blood Pressure
    • Preventing and Slowing Kidney Disease
    • Dialysis and Transplantation
    • Good Care Makes a Difference
    • Points to Remember
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information
  • Kidney Failure Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Fabry Disease Fabry disease (Fabry's disease, alpha-galactosidase-A) is a genetic disorder with symptoms such as burning sensations in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fabry Disease Article
    • What is, and what causes Fabry disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Fabry disease?
    • Is there any treatment for Fabry disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Fabry disease?
    • What research is being done on Fabry disease?
    • For more information
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
    In This Article
    Yellow Fever Article
    • Yellow fever facts
    • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
    • What causes yellow fever?
    • How is yellow fever transmitted?
    • What areas are high risk for contracting yellow fever?
    • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
    • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is yellow fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
    • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
    • Can yellow fever be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
  • Heat Exhaustion Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Exhaustion Article
    • Heat exhaustion definition and facts
    • What is heat exhaustion?
    • What causes heat exhaustion?
    • Who is at risk for heat exhaustion?
    • What are the symptoms of heat exhaustion?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for heat exhaustion
    • How is heat exhaustion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heat exhaustion?
    • What are the complications of heat exhaustion?
    • How can heat exhaustion be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for heat exhaustion?
  • Renal Osteodystrophy Renal osteodystrophy is a bone disease. The kidneys fail to maintain required levels of phosphorous and calcium in the blood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Renal Osteodystrophy Article
    • Renal osteodystrophy facts*
    • What is renal osteodystrophy?
    • Hormones and Minerals
    • How is renal osteodystrophy diagnosed?
    • How is osteodystrophy treated?
    • For more information about renal osteodystrophy
  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Viral hemorrhagic fever(s), or VHFs are a group of illnesses caused by distinct families of viruses. Many of these viruses are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Article
    • Viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) facts*
    • What are viral hemorrhagic fevers?
    • How are hemorrhagic fever viruses grouped?
    • What carries viruses that cause viral hemorrhagic fevers?
    • Where are cases of viral hemorrhagic fever found?
    • How are hemorrhagic fever viruses transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of viral hemorrhagic fever illnesses?
    • How are patients with viral hemorrhagic fever treated?
    • How can cases of viral hemorrhagic fever be prevented and controlled?
    • What needs to be done to address the threat of viral hemorrhagic fevers?
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Where do most cases of RMSF occur in the U.S.?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a diseases in which blood clots within the capillaries. Causes associated with HUS include E....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Article
    • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) facts
    • What is a "syndrome?"
    • What is hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)?
    • What causes hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How is hemolytic uremic syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How can hemolytic uremic syndrome be prevented?
  • Kidney Dysplasia Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which one or both of a baby's kidneys do not develop normally. In kidney dysplasia, cysts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Dysplasia Article
    • What is kidney dysplasia?
    • How does kidney dysplasia happen?
    • What causes kidney dysplasia?
    • What are the signs or complications of kidney dysplasia?
    • How is kidney dysplasia diagnosed?
    • How is kidney dysplasia treated?
    • What is the long-term outlook for a child with kidney dysplasia?
    • Questions to ask the doctor
    • Points to remember
  • Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia is a condition caused by abnormal blood proteins called cryoglobulins. Symptoms include joint...learn more »
    In This Article
    Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Article
    • What is cryoglobulinemia?
    • What conditions are associated with cryoglobulinemia?
    • What is essential mixed cryoglobulinemia?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia?
    • How is essential mixed cryoglobulinemia treated?
  • Microsporidiosis Microsporidiosis is an infection caused by the microsporidia parasite. The disease is uncommon in people with normal immune...learn more »
    In This Article
    Microsporidiosis Article
    • Microsporidiosis facts
    • What is microsporidiosis? What causes the disease?
    • How are microsporidia transmitted?
    • What symptoms does microsporidiosis cause?
    • How is microsporidiosis diagnosed?
    • How is microsporidiosis treated?
    • How is microsporidiosis prevented?
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulent E. coli infections?
  • Disease Prevention in Men Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Men Article
    • Disease prevention in men introduction
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
    • Cancer of colon and rectum/polyps of colon and rectum
    • Prostate cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
    • Bladder cancer