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- What is kidney dysplasia?
- How does kidney dysplasia happen?
- What causes kidney dysplasia?
- What are the signs or complications of kidney dysplasia?
- How is kidney dysplasia diagnosed?
- How is kidney dysplasia treated?
- What is the long-term outlook for a child with kidney dysplasia?
- Questions to ask the doctor
- Points to remember
What is the long-term outlook for a child with kidney dysplasia?
Many children with kidney dysplasia in only one kidney grow into healthy adults without any problems. The dysplastic kidney may shrink as the child grows. By age 5, the kidney may no longer be visible in x-ray or ultrasound examinations. Children and adults with only one working kidney should have regular checkups for high blood pressure and kidney damage. A child with urinary problems that lead to kidney failure may eventually need a kidney transplant or blood-cleaning treatments called dialysis.
Questions to ask the doctor
- Does my child have any other problems in the urinary tract?
- Does my child need to take antibiotics to prevent urinary tract infections?
- Will my child need special medical care?
- How often should my child be checked for high blood pressure and kidney damage?
- How often should the dysplastic kidney and the normal kidney be evaluated by ultrasound?
Points to remember
- Kidney dysplasia is a condition that happens while a baby is growing in the womb.
- Kidney dysplasia usually affects only one kidney, making it unable to function.
- Many people lead healthy, normal lives with only one functioning kidney.
- A child with kidney dysplasia affecting both kidneys may not survive outside the womb. If the child does survive birth, early dialysis and kidney transplant will be needed.
- The mother's exposure to certain drugs may cause kidney dysplasia in her unborn baby.
- Kidney dysplasia may have genetic causes and is often part of several genetic syndromes that affect other body systems.
- Children and adults with only one working kidney should have regular checkups for high blood pressure and kidney damage.
- Children with urinary problems in the normal, or nondysplastic, kidney that lead to kidney failure will need a kidney transplant or blood-cleaning treatments called dialysis.
National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC). "Kidney Dysplasia." National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), NIH. 2 Sept. 2010. <http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/kidneydysplasia/>.