Kidney Disease (Hypertension-Related) (cont.)
How can kidney damage from high blood pressure be prevented?
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), recommends that people with CKD use whatever therapy is necessary, including lifestyle changes and medicines, to keep their blood pressure below 130/80.
How can blood pressure be controlled?
The NHLBI recommends five lifestyle changes that help control blood pressure.
People with prehypertension or high blood pressure should
- maintain their weight at a level close to normal.
- eat fresh fruits and vegetables, grains, and low-fat dairy foods.
- limit their daily salt, or sodium, intake to 2,000 milligrams. They
should limit frozen foods and trips to fast food restaurants. They should
read nutrition labels on packaged foods to learn how much sodium is in one
serving. Keeping a sodium diary can help monitor sodium intake.
- get plenty of exercise—at least 30 minutes of moderate activity, such as
walking, cycling, or swimming, most days of the week.
- avoid consuming too much alcohol. Men should have no more than two
drinks—two 12-ounce servings of beer or two 5-ounce servings of wine or two
1.5-ounce servings of hard liquor—a day. Women should have no more than a
single serving a day because differences in the way foods are broken down in
the body make women more sensitive to the effects of alcohol.
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