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- What is ketoconazole, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for ketoconazole?
- Is ketoconazole available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for ketoconazole?
- What are the side effects of ketoconazole?
- What is the dosage for ketoconazole?
- Is ketoconazole safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about ketoconazole?
What is ketoconazole, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Ketoconazole is an anti-fungal medication in the same family of drugs as fluconazole (Diflucan), itraconazole (Sporanox), and miconazole (Micatin, Monistat). It prevents growth of several types of fungi by preventing production of the membranes that surround fungal cells. The FDA approved ketoconazole in June 1981.
What brand names are available for ketoconazole?
Nizoral, Nizoral A-D, Ketodan, Extina, Xolegel, Kuric
Is ketoconazole available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for ketoconazole?
What are the side effects of ketoconazole?
Ketoconazole generally is well tolerated. Commonly reported side effects of ketoconazole are:
- abdominal pain,
- impotence, and
- blood count abnormalities.
Other important side effects of ketoconazole are rare; they include:
Liver dysfunction also has been reported. Signs of liver problems include unusual fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, yellowing of the skin (jaundice), dark urine, and pale stools. Development of these symptoms while taking ketoconazole should be reported to a physician.
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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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