ketoconazole - oral, Nizoral (cont.)
USES: This drug is used to treat certain fungal infections in the body or serious fungal infections on the skin and nails. Ketoconazole belongs to the class of drugs called azole antifungals. It works by stopping the growth of the fungus.OTHER This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.This drug may also be used to treat certain protozoal infections, Cushing's syndrome, advanced prostate cancer, and high calcium levels in the blood from sarcoidosis or tuberculosis.
HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth usually once a day or as directed by your doctor. This medication may be taken with or without food, but taking it with food helps to reduce stomach upset.If you are taking an antacid, take ketoconazole at least 2 hours before taking the antacid, otherwise ketoconazole may not be absorbed into the body. See also Drug Interactions for more information.The dosage and length of treatment is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. In children, the dosage is also based on weight. It may take from several days to several months to complete treatment.This medication works best when the amount of drug in your body is kept at a constant level. Therefore, take this drug at evenly spaced intervals. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.Continue to take this medication until the full prescribed amount is finished, even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the medication too early may allow the fungus to continue to grow, which may result in a return of the infection.Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
SIDE EFFECTS: See also Warning section.Nausea and vomiting may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but serious side effects occur: headache, vision changes, mental/mood changes (such as depression, thoughts of suicide).Although unlikely, when ketoconazole is used at high doses, it may cause an adrenal gland problem (adrenal insufficiency), a decrease in testosterone levels, and a decrease in sperm production. These effects usually go away after ketoconazole treatment is stopped. Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: unusual tiredness, weakness, dizziness upon standing, persistent nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, decreased sexual interest or ability, enlarged/tender breasts in men.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
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