Kernicterus Index

Featured: Jaundice (Newborn, Kernicterus) Main Article

Jaundice in infants occur when the baby's liver may not be developed enough to efficiently rid the body of bilirubin. Symptoms of jaundice include yellowish colored eyes, and yellowing of the skin. Some babies are more at risk to develop jaundice. Kernicterus is a type of brain damage that occurs when a baby has jaundice and is not treated. Treatment of infant jaundice is generally with phototherapy so that kernicterus should not develop.

Patient Discussions - Viewers share their comments

    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Liver Disease Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as: gallstones, high...learn more »
    • Bilirubin (Bilirubin Test) Bilirubin is a waste product of the normal breakdown of red blood cells in the liver. Normal bilirubin levels vary from lab to...learn more »
      In This Article
      Bilirubin (Bilirubin Test) Article
      • Bilirubin and blood test facts
      • What is bilirubin?
      • What are normal bilirubin levels in adults?
      • What do high bilirubin levels in adults mean?
      • What are symptoms of high bilirubin levels in adults?
      • What are the symptoms of high bilirubin levels in newborns?
      • What do high bilirubin levels in a newborn mean?
      • What are other names for bilirubin?
      • What is the treatment for elevated bilirubin in adults?
      • What is the bilirubin test?
      • How do I prepare for the bilirubin test?
      • How is the bilirubin test performed?
      • What risks are associated with the bilirubin test?
      • What is the prognosis for an adult with elevated bilirubin levels?
      • What is the prognosis for newborns?
      • Can high levels of bilirubin be prevented?
    • Jaundice (Hyperbilirubinemia in Adults) Jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) in adults may be caused by a variety of medical diseases or conditions. Some cases of jaundice can...learn more »
      In This Article
      Jaundice (Hyperbilirubinemia in Adults) Article
      • Jaundice definition and facts
      • What causes jaundice in adults?
      • What are pre-hepatic (liver) causes of jaundice?
      • What are hepatic (liver) causes of jaundice?
      • What are post-hepatic (liver) causes of jaundice?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of jaundice in adults?
      • What are the risk factors for jaundice in adults?
      • What exams and tests diagnose jaundice in adults?
      • What is the treatment for jaundice in adults?
      • What are the complications of jaundice in adults?
      • Can jaundice in adults be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for an adult with jaundice?
    • Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Newborn jaundice or neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the mucous membranes, whites of the eyes, and skin of a...learn more »
      In This Article
      Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Article
      • Jaundice definition
      • Jaundice in newborns (neonatal jaundice)
      • What causes jaundice in newborns?
      • Physiologic jaundice
      • Maternal-fetal blood group incompatibility (Rh, ABO)
      • Breast milk jaundice
      • Breastfeeding jaundice
      • Cephalohematoma (a collection of blood under the scalp)
      • Red blood cell enzyme defects
      • Red blood cell membrane defects
      • What are the symptoms of jaundice in newborns?
      • What are the risk factors for jaundice in newborns?
      • How is jaundice in newborns diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for jaundice in newborns?
      • What are the complications of jaundice in newborns?
      • Can jaundice in newborns be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis of jaundice in newborns?
    • Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flulike symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Toxoplasmosis Article
      • Toxoplasmosis facts
      • What is toxoplasmosis?
      • What is the cause of toxoplasmosis?
      • What factors increase the risk of acquiring toxo?
      • What are the usual symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
      • Why do some people develop severe problems from toxo?
      • Can toxoplasmosis develop into a more serious illness in babies?
      • What is meant by a baby developing "a more severe case of toxo"?
      • How is toxo diagnosed in the lab?
      • How can toxoplasmosis be prevented?
      • Am I able to keep my cat?
      • Once infected with toxo, is my cat always able to spread the infection to me?
      • What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis?
      • What is the prognosis for toxoplasmosis?
    • Breastfeeding (and Formula Feeding) It's important to know whether you will breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby prior to delivery, as the breasts' ability to produce...learn more »
      In This Article
      Breastfeeding (and Formula Feeding) Article
      • Breastfeeding facts
      • When should we decide about breastfeeding?
      • Why is the choice so important?
      • What are the disadvantages and benefits of breastfeeding?
      • What are the advantages and disadvantages of formula feeding?
      • Can we use both forms of feedings for our baby?
      • Is there any special preparation required for breastfeeding?
      • When can breastfeeding begin?
      • What is the proper technique for breastfeeding?
      • When should breast pumps be used?
      • Should certain foods be avoided while breastfeeding?
      • Clogged milk ducts
      • Sore nipples
      • When should one seek medical care for problems with breastfeeding?
      • Can supplements or medications increase a low milk supply?
      • Is it possible to breastfeed while pregnant?
      • Is smoking harmful when breastfeeding?
      • Do breast implants, surgeries, or reductions affect breastfeeding?
      • How should one wean a baby from breastfeeding?

Procedures & Tests

Health News