Kawasaki Disease (cont.)

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What is the prognosis for children with Kawasaki's disease?

Kawasaki's disease generally resolves on its own after four to eight weeks and with early treatment full recovery is usual.

However, the outcome is not so favorable in every case. Rarely, Kawasaki's disease can cause death from blood clots forming in abnormal areas of widening (aneurysms) of the heart arteries (coronary arteries). Those children with larger aneurysms have a worse prognosis because of this risk.

The earlier the diagnosis is made and treatment is begun the better the outcome.

Researchers are searching for methods of detecting which children are at risk for the development of aneurysms of the coronary arteries. Further research is under way to investigate a variety of criteria for atypical variants of Kawasaki's disease that do not have classical presentations.

Can Kawasaki's disease be prevented?

Because the cause of Kawasaki's disease has not been determined, there are no measures known that can prevent the disease.

REFERENCES:

American College of Rheumatology National Meeting, Boston, 2007.

Klippel, J.H., et al. Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. New York: Springer, 2008.

Ruddy, Shaun, et al., eds. Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co., 2000.


Last Editorial Review: 5/11/2012


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