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- Jock itch (tinea cruris) facts
- What is jock itch? What does jock itch look like?
- What causes jock itch?
- What are risk factors for jock itch?
- What are jock itch symptoms and signs?
- Does jock itch affect the entire body?
- Which health care professionals diagnose and treat jock itch?
- How do health care professionals diagnose jock itch?
- Is jock itch curable? Is jock itch contagious?
- What is the treatment for jock itch?
- What home remedy can I use for jock itch?
- What holistic jock itch treatments are available?
- How do I treat fungal jock itch?
- How do I treat bacterial jock itch?
- How is itching from jock itch treated?
- What is the best drug for jock itch?
- Why is my groin still discolored?
- What are possible complications of jock itch?
- When should someone call a doctor about jock itch?
- What is the prognosis with jock itch?
- Is it possible to prevent jock itch?
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What are jock itch symptoms and signs?
Jock itch usually begins with mild intermittent itching in the groin. The itching can get worse and become unbearable in some cases. The rash is usually on both sides of the groin and affects the folds.
The rash may become dry, rough, and bumpy, develop pus blisters, or begin to ooze. Sometimes, there is central clearing as the redness of the rash spreads outward to the thighs. The itching and rash can spread to the genitals, including the labia, vagina, scrotum, penis, and anus.
Women may also develop vaginal white discharge and yeast infections. Men may develop infections on the head of the penis, especially if they are not circumcised.
Severe cases may be very uncomfortable and develop secondary complications such as breaks in the skin, open sores, ulcers, and rarely cellulitis.
Does jock itch affect the entire body?
Jock itch does not affect the entire body. It is usually limited to the groin, inner thigh folds, genitals, and anal area. Itching (pruritus) of the entire body is not typical of jock itch.
Which health care professionals diagnose and treat jock itch?
Most primary care physicians can accurately diagnose and treat jock itch. A few other medical conditions may appear just like jock itch and should be examined more closely by a dermatologist.
Other medical conditions can mimic jock itch. Some possible mimics include
- ringworm, also called tinea,
- contact dermatitis,
- diaper rash,
- irritant or contact dermatitis,
- heat rash,
- familial pemphigus, and
- inverse psoriasis.
Jock itch may be associated with athlete's foot, also called tinea pedis. The same fungus that causes athlete's foot in a person may actually spread to the groin in some cases. It is important to always check the feet for rashes in people with jock itch. Spread of the fungus usually occurs when fungal particles pass onto the crotch while putting on underwear. Any foot infection must be treated in order to avoid recurrence of the jock itch.