Jaundice Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Jaundice. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Jaundice or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Kidney Failure Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss,...learn more »
  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Liver Disease Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as gallstones, high cholesterol...learn more »
  • Cirrhosis (Liver) Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cirrhosis (Liver) Article
    • Cirrhosis facts
    • What is cirrhosis?
    • Why does cirrhosis cause problems?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of cirrhosis?
    • What are the common causes of cirrhosis?
    • How is cirrhosis diagnosed and evaluated?
    • How is cirrhosis treated?
    • What is new and in the future for cirrhosis?
  • Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is a rare disease in which the pancreas becomes inflamed, occurring when digestive enzymes are activated and begin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatitis Article
    • Pancreatitis facts*
    • What is pancreatitis?
    • What are the causes of acute pancreatitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute pancreatitis?
    • How is acute pancreatitis diagnosed?
    • How is acute pancreatitis treated?
    • What is chronic pancreatitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis?
    • How is chronic pancreatitis diagnosed?
    • How is chronic pancreatitis treated?
    • How common is pancreatitis in children?
    • Hope through research
    • For more information about pancreatitis
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallstones Article
    • Gallstones facts
    • What are gallstones?
    • What causes gallstones?
    • Who is at risk for gallstones?
    • What are the symptoms of gallstones?
    • What are the complications of gallstones?
    • What is the relationship of gallbladder sludge to gallstones?
    • How are gallstones diagnosed?
    • What are the potential pitfalls of diagnosing gallstones?
    • How are gallstones treated?
    • Can gallstones be prevented?
    • Can symptoms continue after gallstones are removed?
    • What is new with gallstones?
  • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cancer Article
    • Pancreatic cancer facts
    • What is the pancreas, and what is the function of the pancreas?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is pancreatic cancer?
    • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of pancreatic cancer?
    • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
    • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
    • What are side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis of pancreatic cancer?
    • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
    • Is complimentary or alternative therapy effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • Can pancreatic cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
  • Itching Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Itching Article
    • Itch facts
    • What is an itch?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of itching?
    • What causes itching?
    • How is the cause of itching diagnosed?
    • Should I scratch the itch?
    • What are topical itch treatments? Are there any home remedies for itching?
    • What are oral itch treatments?
    • Can itching be prevented?
    • When should the doctor be consulted for itching?
    • What are possible complications of itching?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for itching?
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are the signs or symptoms of sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • How is sepsis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • How can sepsis be prevented?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis?
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV, hep C) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the nature (biology) of the hepatitis C virus?
    • How does liver damage occur in hepatitis C infection?
    • How is hepatitis C virus spread, is it contagious, and how can transmission be prevented?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What conditions outside the liver are associated with hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the usual progression of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the diagnostic tests for hepatitis C virus and how are they used to diagnose hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • Who should receive antiviral therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the different patterns of response to antiviral treatment?
    • What are the goals of therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the therapy options for previously untreated patients with chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • How are relapses and nonresponders treated?
    • Should individuals with acute hepatitis C infection be treated?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C infection?
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B infection?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B infection?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • Drug-Induced Liver Disease Drug-induced liver diseases are diseases of the liver that are caused by physician-prescribed medications, OTC medications,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug-Induced Liver Disease Article
    • What is drug-induced liver disease?
    • What is the liver?
    • What are the symptoms of liver disease?
    • How do drugs cause liver disease?
    • What types of liver disease do drugs cause?
    • Elevated blood levels of liver enzymes
    • Acute and chronic hepatitis
    • Acute liver failure
    • Cholestasis
    • Steatosis (fatty liver)
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hepatic vein thrombosis
    • How is drug-induced liver disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug-induced liver disease?
    • What are some important examples of drug-induced liver disease?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea and vomiting?
  • Tylenol Liver Damage Tylenol liver damage (acetaminophen) can occur from accidentally ingesting too much acetaminophen, or intentionally....learn more »
    In This Article
    Tylenol Liver Damage Article
    • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) liver damage facts
    • "Is it safe for me to take Tylenol?"
    • Do the recommended doses of Tylenol cause any liver damage?
    • Why should we know that the generic name of Tylenol is acetaminophen?
    • Just how much acetaminophen is safe to take?
    • How is acetaminophen processed (metabolized) in the body?
    • How does an overdose of acetaminophen cause liver injury?
    • Is overdose with acetaminophen usually accidental or intentional?
    • How can accidental overdose be avoided in adults?
    • How can overdose be avoided in children?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of acetaminophen-induced liver damage?
    • What should be done if acetaminophen toxicity is suspected?
  • Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Article
    • Viral hepatitis facts
    • Viral hepatitis definition and overview
    • What are the common types of viral hepatitis?
    • Who is at risk for viral hepatitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of viral hepatitis?
    • What is acute fulminant hepatitis?
    • What is chronic viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis prevented?
    • Hepatitis vaccinations
    • What is the prognosis of viral hepatitis?
  • Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease), a blood disease which shortens life expectancy, is cause by an inherited abnormal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Article
    • Sickle cell anemia facts
    • What is sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia inherited?
    • What conditions promote the sickling (distortion) of the red blood cells in sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and treatments of sickle cell anemia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with sickle cell anemia?
  • Beta Thalassemia Beta Thalassemia is the most familiar type of thalassemia. Thalassemia is not just one disease but rather a complex series of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Beta Thalassemia Article
    • Thalassemia facts
    • What are the thalassemias?
    • What is beta thalassemia?
    • What is the difference between thalassemia minor and major?
    • What is Mediterranean anemia?
    • What is the genetic pattern of inheritance of beta thalassemia?
    • The diagnosis of thalassemia major and minor
    • The treatment of thalassemia major
  • Rectal Bleeding (Blood in Stool, Hematochezia) Rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Rectal bleeding may be moderate to severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rectal Bleeding (Blood in Stool, Hematochezia) Article
    • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) facts
    • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
    • What are the causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Anal fissure
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Diverticulosis
    • Colon cancer and polyps
    • Polypectomy
    • Angiodysplasias
    • Colitis and proctitis
    • Meckel's diverticulum
    • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
    • How is the cause and site of rectal bleeding determined?
    • History and physical examination
    • Anoscopy
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Radionuclide scans
    • Visceral angiogram
    • Video capsule and small intestine enteroscopy
    • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
    • Nasogastric tube aspiration
    • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    • Blood tests
    • How is rectal bleeding treated?
  • Abdominal Pain Abdominal pain is pain in the belly and can be acute or chronic. Causes include inflammation, distention of an organ, and loss...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Pain Article
    • Abdominal pain facts
    • What is abdominal pain?
    • What causes abdominal pain?
    • How is the cause of abdominal pain diagnosed?
    • Characteristics, symptoms, and signs of the abdominal pain
    • Associated signs and symptoms of abdominal pain
    • Physical examination
    • Exams and tests
    • Special problem in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) of diagnosing the cause of abdominal pain
    • Why can diagnosis of the cause of abdominal pain be difficult?
    • How can I help my doctor to determine the cause of my abdominal pain?
  • Migraine Migraine is usually periodic attacks of headaches on one or both sides of the head. These may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Article
    • What is a migraine headache?
    • What are the symptoms of migraine headaches?
    • What are some of the variants of migraine headaches?
    • How is a migraine headache diagnosed?
    • How are migraine headaches treated?
    • What is the treatment for moderate to severe migraine headaches?
    • What other medications are used for treating migraine headaches?
    • How are migraine headaches prevented?
    • What are migraine triggers?
    • What should migraine sufferers do?
    • What are prophylactic medications for migraine headaches?
    • What is the proper way to use preventive medications?
    • What is the treatment for menstrual migraine?
    • Conclusions
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer in the world and the majority of patients with liver cancer will die within one year...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • Liver cancer facts
    • What is liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC)?
    • What is the scope of the liver cancer problem?
    • What are the population characteristics (epidemiology) of liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • Blood tests
    • Imaging studies
    • Liver biopsy or aspiration
    • What is the natural history of liver cancer?
    • What are the treatment options for liver cancer?
    • Chemotherapy and biotherapy
    • Chemoembolization (trans-arterial chemoembolization or TACE)
    • Radioembolization
    • Ablation techniques
    • Cryoablation
    • Stereotactic radiosurgery
    • Proton beam therapy
    • Surgery
    • Is there a role for routine screening for liver cancer?
    • What is fibrolamellar carcinoma?
    • What's in the future for the prevention and treatment of liver cancer?
  • Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) is one type of liver disease caused by a virus. Since...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Article
    • Hepatitis A facts*
    • What is hepatitis A?
    • What is the liver?
    • Who gets hepatitis A?
    • How could I get hepatitis A?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis A?
    • How is hepatitis A diagnosed?
    • How is hepatitis A treated?
    • How can I avoid getting hepatitis A?
    • What should I do if I think I have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information
    • Acknowledgments
  • Gallbladder Cancer Gallbladder cancer is a rare form of cancer with symptoms that include jaundice, abdominal pain, fever, nausea and vomiting,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Cancer Article
    • Gallbladder cancer facts*
    • What is gallbladder cancer?
    • What are risk factors for gallbladder cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of gallbladder cancer?
    • What exams and tests are used to diagnose gallbladder cancer?
    • What factors affects the prognosis for gallbladder cancer?
    • How is the staging of gallbladder cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for gallbladder cancer?
    • Where can people get more information about gallbladder cancer?
  • Stool Color & Texture Changes (Black, Red, Maroon, Green, Yellow, Gray, Tarry, Sticky) Stool color is generally brown. When stool color changes, often, an individual becomes concerned. The presence of the bilirubin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stool Color & Texture Changes (Black, Red, Maroon, Green, Yellow, Gray, Tarry, Sticky) Article
    • What color is normal stool?
    • What causes normal stool color?
    • How do changes in bilirubin affect stool color?
    • How does intestinal bleeding change stool color?
    • What other things can cause changes in the color of stool?
    • What are the symptoms of stool color changes?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered addictive?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Alpha Thalassemia Alpha thalassemia is a disorder in which the alpha globin protein is underproduced. There are two pairs of genes that carry the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alpha Thalassemia Article
    • Alpha thalassemia facts*
    • What is alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the symptoms of alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the types of alpha thalassemia?
    • How common is alpha thalassemia?
    • What genes are related to alpha thalassemia?
    • How do people inherit alpha thalassemia?
  • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
    • What is the liver? Is it a gland or an organ?
    • What is the functional purpose of the liver?
    • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • What diseases affect the liver?
    • Fatty liver disease
    • Cirrhosis
    • Infections
    • Hepatitis
    • Medications
    • Toxins
    • Genetic disorders
    • Cancer
    • Abnormalities of bile flow from the liver
    • Decrease in blood flow draining from the liver
    • What are symptoms of diseases of the liver?
    • How is an examination of the liver performed?
    • What is a liver biopsy?
    • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
  • Malaria Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Symptoms of malaria include chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How is malaria transmitted?
    • Where is malaria a particular problem?
    • What is the incubation period for malaria?
    • How is malaria diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • Is malaria a particular problem during pregnancy?
    • Is malaria a particular problem for children?
    • Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for people with malaria?
    • Is there a vaccine for malaria?
    • Where can people get more information about malaria?
  • In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) Article
    • Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) definition
    • What are the causes of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • Can primary biliary cirrhosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with primary biliary cirrhosis?
  • Gallbladder Pain Gallbladder (gall bladder) pain can be caused by gallbladder disease such as gallstones or cholecystitis. Causes of gallbladder...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Pain Article
    • What are the causes of gallbladder pain?
    • What is the mechanism of gallbladder pain?
    • What are the characteristics gallbladder pain?
    • What are the symptoms associated with gallbladder pain?
    • What are other biliary causes of pain?
    • What are other diseases to consider?
    • What is cholecystitis?
  • Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Hepatitis A vaccine
    • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Jaundice (Newborn, Kernicterus) Jaundice in infants occur when the baby's liver may not be developed enough to efficiently rid the body of bilirubin. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jaundice (Newborn, Kernicterus) Article
    • Newbirn jaundice and Kernicterus facts
    • What is jaundice in newborns?
    • What is kernicterus?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of jaundice in newborns?
    • When should I contact my doctor if I think my newborn has jaundice?
    • When should I get emergency medical help if I think my newborn has jaundice?
    • How is newborn jaundice diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for newborn jaundice?
    • What are the risk factors for newborn jaundice?
    • What to do before leaving the hospital
    • What do I do if my baby has jaundice?
    • Where can I find support if my infant is affected by kernicterus?

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