GENERIC NAME: itraconazole
BRAND NAME: Sporanox, Onmel, Sporanox Pulsepak
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Itraconazole is an anti-fungal drug in the same class of drugs as fluconazole (Diflucan), ketoconazole (Nizoral), and miconazole (Micatin, Monistat). It prevents growth of several types of fungi by preventing the fungi from producing the membranes that surround the fungal cells. The FDA approved itraconazole in September 1992.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Itraconazole is used for the treatment of fungal infections in both HIV- and non-HIV-infected individuals. It is active against fungal infections such as aspergillosis, blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and candidiasis, as well as fungal infection localized to the toenails and fingernails (onychomycosis). It also is used for treating patients with fever and low white blood cell counts who are likely to have or develop a fungal infection.
SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects of itraconazole are:
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