Itch Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Itch. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Itch or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Scabies Scabies are itch mites that burrow under the skin and produce intense itching that's usually worse at night. Symptoms of scabies...learn more »
  • Ringworm The term "ringworm" or "ringworms" refers to fungal infections that are on the surface of the skin. A physical examination of...learn more »
  • Chiggers Chiggers are a mite belonging to the Trombiculidae family. Chiggers are most commonly found in grassy fields, gardens, parks,...learn more »
  • Bedbugs Bed bugs (from the insect family Cimicidae) are small, reddish-brown tick-like insects that feed by sucking the blood of mammals....learn more »
  • Rash The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rash Article
    • Rash facts
    • What are the causes, symptoms, and signs of common noninfectious rashes?
    • How are common skin rashes diagnosed?
    • Scaly patches of skin produced by fungal or bacterial infection
    • What is the treatment for a rash?
  • Cirrhosis (Liver) Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cirrhosis (Liver) Article
    • Cirrhosis facts
    • What is cirrhosis?
    • Why does cirrhosis cause problems?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of cirrhosis?
    • What are the common causes of cirrhosis?
    • How is cirrhosis diagnosed and evaluated?
    • How is cirrhosis treated?
    • What is new and in the future for cirrhosis?
  • Liver Disease Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as gallstones, high cholesterol...learn more »
  • Jock Itch Jock itch is an itchy red rash that appears in the groin area. The rash may be caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. People...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jock Itch Article
    • Jock itch facts
    • What is jock itch? What does jock itch look like?
    • What causes jock itch?
    • Who gets jock itch?
    • What are jock itch symptoms and signs?
    • Does jock itch affect the entire body?
    • How is jock itch diagnosed?
    • Is jock itch curable? Is jock itch contagious?
    • What are possible complications of jock itch?
    • What is the treatment for jock itch?
    • What home remedy can I use for jock itch?
    • What holistic jock itch treatments are available?
    • How do I treat fungal jock itch?
    • How do I treat bacterial jock itch?
    • How is itching from jock itch treated?
    • Why is my groin still discolored?
    • What is the best drug for jock itch?
    • What is the prognosis with jock itch?
    • When should I call my doctor about jock itch?
    • How do I prevent jock itch?
  • Anal Itching Anal itching is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, accompanied by the desire to scratch. ...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anal Itching Article
    • What is anal itching?
    • What causes anal itching?
    • How is anal itching treated?
    • Local anesthetics
    • Vasoconstrictors
    • Protectants
    • Astringents
    • Antiseptics
    • Keratolytics
    • Analgesics
    • Corticosteroids
    • What if anal itching persists?
  • Hives Hives, also called urticaria, is a raised, itchy area of skin that is usually a sign of an allergic reaction. The allergy may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hives Article
    • Hives facts
    • What are hives (urticaria) and angioedema?
    • What causes hives and angioedema?
    • What are the different kinds of hives?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of ordinary urticaria (ordinary hives)?
    • What are the causes of ordinary hives?
    • What are the causes of chronic hives?
    • Are there other conditions that mimic hives?
    • What is the treatment for hives?
    • What is the prognosis of hives?
  • Athlete's Foot Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a skin infection caused by the ringworm fungus. Symptoms include itching, burning, cracking,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Athlete's Foot Article
    • Athlete's foot facts
    • What is athlete's foot?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of athlete's foot?
    • What does athlete's foot look like?
    • Is athlete's foot contagious?
    • What else causes foot rashes?
    • What is the treatment for athlete's foot?
    • What home remedy can I use for athlete's foot?
    • How can I treat athlete's foot in pregnancy?
    • When should I seek medical care?
    • What are possible complications of athlete's foot?
    • What kind of doctor treats athlete's foot?
    • How can I prevent future athlete's foot infections?
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Head Lice Head lice infection is called pediculosis. Lice are parasites that feed on blood and can be found on the scalp and hair of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head Lice Article
    • Head lice facts
    • What are head lice?
    • How common is head lice infestation?
    • Who is at risk for getting head lice?
    • How in the world does a child get head lice?
    • What do head lice look like?
    • Where are head lice most commonly found?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of head lice infestation?
    • How is a head lice infestation diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a head lice infestation (pediculosis)?
    • My child has head lice. I don't. Should I treat myself to prevent being infested?
    • Should my pets be treated for head lice?
    • My child is under 2 years of age and has been diagnosed with head lice. Can I treat my child with prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) drugs?
    • What OTC medications are available to treat head lice?
    • What is the prescription drug used to treat head lice?
    • Are any home remedies effective at getting rid of head lice?
    • Which head lice medicine is best for me?
    • What are the rules with head lice medicines?
    • How can I prevent head lice?
    • Should household sprays be used to kill adult lice?
    • Should I have a pest-control company spray my house?
    • What is the prognosis of a head lice infestation?
  • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cancer Article
    • Pancreatic cancer facts
    • What is the pancreas, and what is the function of the pancreas?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is pancreatic cancer?
    • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of pancreatic cancer?
    • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
    • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
    • What are side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis of pancreatic cancer?
    • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
    • Is complimentary or alternative therapy effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • Can pancreatic cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
  • Pink Eye Pink eye, also called conjunctivitis, is redness or irritation of the conjunctivae, the membranes on the inner part of the...learn more »
  • Genital Herpes in Women Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Symptoms of genital herpes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genital Herpes in Women Article
    • Genital herpes in women facts
    • What is genital herpes?
    • What causes genital herpes?
    • How is genital herpes transmitted?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of genital herpes?
    • How is genital herpes diagnosed?
    • Can genital herpes be cured?
    • What is the treatment for genital herpes?
    • Are home remedies or natural treatments effective for genital herpes?
    • How is genital herpes managed in pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for genital herpes?
    • Can genital herpes be prevented?
  • Ticks Ticks are known transmitters of disease to humans and animals. Tick-borne diseases include Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ticks Article
    • Tick facts
    • What are ticks?
    • What are tick bite symptoms and signs?
    • What diseases do ticks transmit (act as vectors) to humans?
    • How is a tick bite diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diseases transmitted by ticks?
    • What is the treatment for a tick bite?
    • How is a tick removed from the skin?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for people who get a tick bite?
    • What are the risk factors for tick bites?
    • How are bites from ticks prevented?
    • Where can I find more information about ticks?
  • Pinworms Pinworm infection is an intestinal infection caused by a pinworm, seatworm, or threadworm. Female pinworms leave the intestine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinworms Article
    • Pinworms facts
    • What is pinworm infection?
    • Who is at risk for getting pinworms?
    • Pinworms in children
    • Pinworms in adults
    • What do pinworms look like (pinworm pictures)?
    • What is the lifecycle of pinworms?
    • How is pinworm infection spread?
    • What are the symptoms of pinworms?
    • How is pinworm infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of pinworms; is there a home treatment?
    • What are the consequences of untreated pinworm infections?
    • How are pinworm infections prevented?
  • Keloid A keloid is a scar that doesn't know when to stop. When the cells keep on reproducing, the result is an overgrown (hypertrophic)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Keloid Article
    • What is a keloid?
    • What is the difference between a keloid and a hypertrophic scar?
    • What are keloid symptoms and signs?
    • What is the cause of keloids?
    • Which people are most susceptible to keloids?
    • In which area of the body are keloids most likely to appear?
    • Keloids and piercing
    • Is keloid prevention possible?
    • Is keloid removal necessary?
    • What are the treatments for keloids?
  • Allergy (Allergies) An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. ...learn more »
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms include swollen...learn more »
    In This Article
    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
    • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosed?
    • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rates of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • Vaginal Pain Vulvodynia or vaginal pain, genital pain is a condition in which women have chronic vulvar pain with no known cause. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Pain Article
    • Vaginal pain and vulvodynia facts
    • What are vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What causes vaginal pain and/or vulvodynia?
    • What symptoms are characteristic of vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What are risk factors for vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What diagnostic tests are used to evaluate vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • How are vaginal pain and vulvodynia treated?
    • Medications and other medical therapies for vaginal pain and vulvodynia
    • Home remedies for vaginal pain and vulvodynia
    • What are the complications of vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
  • Hay Fever Hay fever (allergic rhinitis) is an irritation of the nose caused by pollen and is associated with the following allergic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hay Fever Article
    • Hay fever facts
    • What is hay fever? What are the symptoms and signs?
    • Why does an allergic reaction occur?
    • What causes allergic rhinitis?
    • When and where does allergic rhinitis occur?
    • How is allergic rhinitis diagnosed, and how are allergies identified?
    • How are allergies treated?
  • Atopic Dermatitis Eczema is a general term for many types dermatitis (skin inflammation). Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atopic Dermatitis Article
    • Atopic dermatitis facts
    • What is atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the difference between atopic dermatitis and eczema?
    • How common is atopic dermatitis?
    • What causes atopic dermatitis?
    • Is atopic dermatitis contagious?
    • What are atopic dermatitis symptoms and signs?
    • Can atopic dermatitis affect the face?
    • What are the stages of atopic dermatitis?
    • How do physicians diagnose atopic dermatitis?
    • What factors can aggravate atopic dermatitis?
    • What are skin irritants in patients with atopic dermatitis?
    • What are allergens?
    • What are aeroallergens?
    • What is the treatment for atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the prognosis of atopic dermatitis?
  • Blepharitis Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelids. Acne rosacea, Staphylococcal bacteria, allergies, sensitivities to makeup or contact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blepharitis Article
    • Blepharitis facts
    • What is blepharitis?
    • What causes blepharitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of blepharitis?
    • How is blepharitis diagnosed?
    • What are complications of blepharitis?
    • What is the treatment for blepharitis?
    • What is the prognosis for blepharitis?
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs?
    • Can STDs be prevented?
  • Eczema Eczema refers to skin inflammation. There are many different types of eczema that produce symptoms and signs that range from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eczema Article
    • Eczema facts
    • What is eczema?
    • Are there different types of eczema? What causes eczema?
    • What are eczema symptoms and signs?
    • How is eczema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for eczema?
    • What are home remedies for eczema?
    • Does diet affect eczema?
    • Is there a cure for eczema?
    • Is eczema contagious?
    • What is the prognosis of eczema?
    • Is it possible to prevent eczema?
  • Eye Allergy Eye allergy (or allergic eye disease) are typically associated with hay fever and atopic dermatitis. Medications and cosmetics...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Allergy Article
    • Eye allergy facts
    • Eye allergy introduction
    • What causes eye allergies?
    • What is the basic anatomy of the outer eye?
    • Why are the eyes an easy target for allergies?
    • What are symptoms and signs of eye allergies?
    • What are allergic eye conditions?
    • What are eyelid allergies (also called contact eye allergies)?
    • What conditions can be confused with eye allergies?
    • What is the treatment for eye allergies?
    • What is the prognosis of eye allergies?
    • Can eye allergies be prevented?
  • Dry Skin Dry skin (xeroderma) may be caused by external factors, like cold temperatures, low humidity, harsh soaps, and certain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Skin Article
    • Dry skin facts
    • What is dry skin?
    • What causes dry skin?
    • What are signs and symptoms of dry skin?
    • How is dry skin diagnosed?
    • Does dry skin cause winter itch?
    • Do genetics play a role in dry skin?
    • What medical conditions cause dry skin?
    • Do any medications cause dry skin?
    • What is the treatment for dry skin?
    • What are possible complications of dry skin?
    • What are some home remedies for dry skin?
    • How can dry skin be prevented?
    • What are the best products for dry skin?
  • Anal Cancer Anal cancer, cancer located at the end of the large intestine, has symptoms that include anal or rectal bleeding, anal pain or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anal Cancer Article
    • Anal cancer facts*
    • What is anal cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for anal cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of anal cancer?
    • How is anal cancer diagnosed?
    • What affects the prognosis?
    • How is the staging of anal cancer determined?
    • What is recurrent anal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for anal cancer?
    • How does staging affect the treatment of anal cancer?
    • What are the treatment options for recurrent anal cancer?
    • Where can I find more information about anal cancer?
  • Trichinosis Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by ingesting parasites (roundworms) in undercooked pork or wild-game meat. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trichinosis Article
    • Trichinosis facts
    • What is trichinosis?
    • What are symptoms of trichinosis?
    • What causes trichinosis?
    • What is the history and life cycle of trichinosis?
    • How is trichinosis diagnosed?
    • How is trichinosis treated?
    • Are there complications associated with trichinosis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with trichinosis?
    • What are the risk factors for getting trichinosis?
    • Is trichinosis a common disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent trichinosis?
    • Where can I get more information on trichinosis?
  • Scalp Psoriasis Scalp psoriasis causes red, raised, scaly patches that may extend from the scalp to the forehead and the back of the neck and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scalp Psoriasis Article
    • What is scalp psoriasis?
    • What is the cause of scalp psoriasis?
    • What are scalp psoriasis symptoms and signs?
    • How is scalp psoriasis diagnosed?
    • What are topical treatments and home remedies for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are office treatments for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are systemic treatments for psoriasis?
    • What is the prognosis of psoriasis? Is there a cure for psoriasis?
    • Are there support groups for individuals with psoriasis?
  • Food Allergy The most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Food Allergy Article
    • Food allergy facts
    • Introduction to food allergies
    • How do allergic reactions to food occur?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of food allergy?
    • Do infants and children have problems with food allergy?
    • What are the most common food allergies?
    • What is cross-reactivity?
    • What is oral allergy syndrome?
    • What is exercise-induced food allergy?
    • What conditions have mistakenly been attributed to food allergy?
    • What conditions mimic food allergy?
    • How is food allergy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a food allergy?
    • Are allergy shots effective in preventing or decreasing food allergy?
  • Lichen Sclerosus Lichen sclerosus is a skin disease that causes white spots to form on the skin, which later grow into large, thin, and crinkled...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lichen Sclerosus Article
    • Lichen sclerosus facts*
    • What is lichen sclerosus?
    • Who gets lichen sclerosus?
    • What are lichen sclerosus symptoms and signs?
    • What causes lichen sclerosus?
    • How is lichen sclerosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for lichen sclerosus?
    • Can people with lichen sclerosus have sex?
    • Is lichen sclerosus related to cancer?
    • What kind of doctor treats lichen sclerosus?
    • Where can I find more information about lichen sclerosus?
  • Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) is an inflammation of the skin induced by the combination of medications or substances and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Article
    • Sun-sensitizing drugs (photosensitivity) facts
    • What is photosensitivity?
    • What is the difference between a photoallergic and a phototoxic reaction?
    • Photoallergic and phototoxic reaction pictures
    • What is ultraviolet light?
    • What are the symptoms of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
    • Phototoxic drugs
    • Photoallergic drugs
    • Are there any medical conditions that can cause photosensitivity?
    • How is sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a photosensitizing drug reaction?
    • Is anyone taking these drugs at risk for developing sunburn?
    • Can any foods or plants cause sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions?
    • Pictures of food and plant sun-sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions
    • Are there any medical applications of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
  • Anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that affects a number of different areas of the body at one time, and can be fatal....learn more »
    In This Article
    Anaphylaxis Article
    • Anaphylaxis facts
    • Introduction to anaphylaxis
    • What is the history of anaphylaxis?
    • How common is anaphylaxis?
    • What are common causes of anaphylaxis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis?
    • What happens after the symptoms begin?
    • Are there any disorders that appear similar to anaphylaxis?
    • How is anaphylaxis diagnosed?
    • How do we manage anaphylaxis?
    • What are emergency measures used in the treatment of anaphylaxis?
    • Can anaphylaxis be prevented?
  • Chickenpox (Varicella) Chickenpox (chicken pox) is a contagious childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms have an incubation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chickenpox (Varicella) Article
    • Chickenpox facts
    • What is chickenpox? What causes chickenpox?
    • How does chickenpox spread?
    • What are chickenpox symptoms and signs?
    • What are treatment options for chickenpox?
    • What are the possible complications of chickenpox?
    • Can chickenpox be prevented with a vaccine?
  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bug Bites and Stings Article
    • Bug bites and stings facts*
    • Bug bites and stings introduction
    • What can I do to keep insects away?
    • What's the proper way to use insect repellent?
    • What's the best way to remove a bee stinger?
    • What should I do if I find a tick on me or my child?
    • What can be done for itching and pain from bites and stings?
    • When is medical attention needed?
    • Where can I find more information on bug bites and stings?
  • Varicose Veins Varicose vein: A dilated (widened) tortuous (twisting) vein, usually involving a superficial vein in the leg, often associated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Varicose Veins Article
    • Varicose veins and spider veins facts
    • What are veins and what is their function?
    • What are varicose veins and spider veins?
    • Varicose vein and spider vein pictures
    • Who gets varicose and spider veins?
    • What causes varicose and spider veins?
    • What are varicose vein symptoms?
    • How are varicose veins evaluated (diagnosed)?
    • What treatments are available for varicose veins and spider veins?
    • How can compression stockings help with varicose veins?
    • What is sclerotherapy?
    • Pictures of sclerotherapy treatment
    • What are potential side effects and complications of sclerotherapy?
    • What surgical procedures are available to treat varicose veins?
    • Can laser be used to treat varicose and spider veins?
    • What type of doctors provide treatments for varicose and spider veins?
    • What are the side effects of these treatments?
    • How can varicose veins be prevented?
  • Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
    • Sunburn facts
    • What is sunburn?
    • Can sunburn cause permanent damage?
    • What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
    • Why does the skin tan after exposure to UV rays?
    • What are the symptoms of sunburn?
    • What are the symptoms of severe sunburn (sun poisoning)?
    • Sunburn pictures
    • What first-aid measures should be taken with sunburn?
    • What is the treatment for sunburn?
    • Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
    • Is a follow-up visit with a physician necessary?
    • Who is most susceptible to sunburn?
    • Can diseases cause a heightened sensitivity to UV rays?
    • Can medications increase sensitivity to sunburn?
    • What kinds of skin cancer can UV rays cause?
    • How can sunburn and skin cancer be prevented?
    • How do sunscreens work?
    • What is SPF?
    • What is the best way to apply sunscreen?
    • Do sunscreens expire?
    • Can antioxidants protect against sunburn?
  • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
    • What is the liver? Is it a gland or an organ?
    • What is the functional purpose of the liver?
    • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • What diseases affect the liver?
    • Fatty liver disease
    • Cirrhosis
    • Infections
    • Hepatitis
    • Medications
    • Toxins
    • Genetic disorders
    • Cancer
    • Abnormalities of bile flow from the liver
    • Decrease in blood flow draining from the liver
    • What are symptoms of diseases of the liver?
    • How is an examination of the liver performed?
    • What is a liver biopsy?
    • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
  • Intertrigo Intertrigo is irritant dermatitis, usually found in skin folds, that is caused by rubbing, increased temperature, and moisture....learn more »
  • Paget Disease of the Breast Paget's disease is a rare form of cancer that forms in or around the nipple and frequently coexists with breast cancer. The exact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paget Disease of the Breast Article
    • Paget disease of the breast key points
    • What is Paget disease of the breast?
    • Who gets Paget disease of the breast?
    • What causes Paget disease of the breast?
    • What are the symptoms of Paget disease of the breast?
    • How is Paget disease of the breast diagnosed?
    • How is Paget disease of the breast treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with Paget disease of the breast?
    • What research studies are under way on Paget disease of the breast?
  • Poison Ivy Poison ivy, oak, and sumac contain a substance called urushiol, which causes a rash on people who come in contact with them....learn more »
    In This Article
    Poison Ivy Article
    • Poison ivy, oak, and sumac facts
    • What are poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac?
    • What causes a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are risk factors for poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • How do physicians diagnose poison ivy, oak, and sumac rashes?
    • What is the treatment for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Are there any home remedies for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What is the prognosis of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Is it possible to prevent a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
  • Contact Dermatitis Contact dermatitis is a rash that occurs after exposure to an irritating substance. Symptoms include a red, elevated rash at the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Contact Dermatitis Article
    • Contact dermatitis facts
    • What is contact dermatitis?
    • What causes contact dermatitis?
    • What are risk factors for contact dermatitis?
    • What are contact dermatitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is contact dermatitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for contact dermatitis?
    • What is the prognosis of contact dermatitis?
    • Can contact dermatitis be prevented?
  • Bullous Pemphigoid Bullous pemphigoid is a skin disease that causes blistering eruptions on the skin's surface and sometimes affects the inner...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bullous Pemphigoid Article
    • What is bullous pemphigoid?
    • What are symptoms of bullous pemphigoid?
    • How is bullous pemphigoid diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bullous pemphigoid?
    • What is the prognosis of bullous pemphigoid?
  • Postherpetic Neuralgia Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a painful complication of shingles. Symptoms include severe pain, itchy skin, and possible...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postherpetic Neuralgia Article
    • Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) facts
    • What is postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What causes postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What are the risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What are postherpetic neuralgia symptoms and signs?
    • How is postherpetic neuralgia diagnosed?
    • How is postherpetic neuralgia treated?
    • How long does postherpetic neuralgia last?
    • What are the complications of postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What is the prognosis for postherpetic neuralgia?
    • Can postherpetic neuralgia be prevented?
  • Scars Scar formation is a natural part of the healing process after injury. The depth and size of the wound incision and the location...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scars Article
    • Scars facts
    • What is a scar?
    • What are the different types of scars?
    • What causes a scar?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a scar?
    • How are scars diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a scar?
    • Are there any home remedies to reduce scarring?
    • What is the prognosis of a scar?
    • Can scarring be prevented?
    • Does insurance coverage apply to scar treatments?
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Molluscum Contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum is a skin disease that causes pink painless bumps on the skin. It typically resolves in six to 12 months....learn more »
    In This Article
    Molluscum Contagiosum Article
    • Molluscum contagiosum facts
    • What is molluscum contagiosum?
    • What causes molluscum contagiosum?
    • What are risk factors for molluscum contagiosum?
    • What are molluscum contagiosum symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose molluscum contagiosum?
    • What is the treatment for molluscum contagiosum?
    • Are there any home remedies for molluscum contagiosum?
    • What is the prognosis of molluscum contagiosum?
    • Is it possible to prevent molluscum contagiosum?
  • Birthmark Birthmarks and other abnormal skin pigmentation is caused by the body's inability to produce enough melanin. Abnormal skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birthmark Article
    • Birthmark facts
    • What is a birthmark?
    • What are the different types of birthmarks?
    • What are the characteristics of pigmented birthmarks?
    • What are the characteristics of vascular birthmarks?
    • What causes birthmarks?
    • Are any symptoms and signs associated with birthmarks?
    • What disorders are associated with birthmarks?
    • Can skin damage during delivery produce a birthmark?
    • Does insurance cover the cost of birthmark removal?
    • Is it possible to remove or fade birthmarks?
    • What is the treatment for birthmarks?
    • What is the prognosis of birthmarks?
  • In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) Article
    • Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) definition
    • What are the causes of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • Can primary biliary cirrhosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with primary biliary cirrhosis?
  • Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) There are two categories to cold weather-related injuries. 1) no freezing of body tissue (trench foot and chilblains), and 2)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) Article
    • Frostbite and Cold Weather-Related Injuries Facts
    • Introduction to frostbite and cold weather-related injuries
    • What type of injuries can be caused by cold weather?
    • Cold weather-related injuries without tissue freezing
    • Chilblains
    • Trench foot
    • Frostnip
    • Cold weather-related injuries with tissue freezing
    • Frostbite
    • What does frostbite look like (frostbite pictures)?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of frostbite?
    • How should frostbite and other cold weather-related injuries be treated?
    • What is the recovery time for a frostbite injury?
    • When should a person seek medical care for a cold weather-related injury?
    • Who is most likely to get a cold weather-related injury and what can be done to prevent it?
  • Drug Allergy Drug allergies are cause when the immune system mistakenly creates an immune response to a medication. Symptoms of a drug...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Allergy Article
    • What is a drug allergy?
    • What are the symptoms of drug allergy?
    • What drugs are people most allergic to?
    • How is a drug allergy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a drug allergy?
    • What should I do if I have an allergic reaction to a drug?
  • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Primary sclerosing cholangitis or PSC is a disease of the liver. The cause of PSC is not known. Symptoms may include itching,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Article
    • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) definition
    • What causes primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Medications
    • Liver transplant
    • What complications are associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Can primary sclerosing cholangitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
  • Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Article
    • Introduction
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC) Article
    • PBC facts
    • What treatments are used in patients with PBC?
    • What medications are used to treat PBC itself?
    • Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)
    • Colchicine
    • Immunosuppressive medications
    • What treatments are used for the symptoms of PBC?
    • Itching
    • Osteoporosis
    • Elevated serum cholesterol and xanthomas
    • Malabsorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K)
    • What treatments are used for the complications of the cirrhosis in PBC?
    • Edema and ascites
    • Bleeding from varices
    • Hepatic encephalopathy
    • Hypersplenism
    • What treatments are used for the diseases associated with PBC?
    • Sicca Syndrome
    • Raynaud's Phenomenon
    • Scleroderma
    • Gallstones
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in PBC?
    • What is the future for PBC?
  • First Aid First aid is a complicated subject and it is situation-specific. First aid is the help and medical assistance that someone gives,...learn more »
    In This Article
  • Onchocerciasis Onchocerciasis, or river blindness, is a parasitic disease that may cause blindness. It is transmitted by the bite of a female...learn more »
    In This Article
    Onchocerciasis Article
    • Onchocerciasis facts
    • What is onchocerciasis?
    • What causes onchocerciasis?
    • What are onchocerciasis symptoms and signs?
    • Is there an incubation period for onchocerciasis?
    • How is onchocerciasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for onchocerciasis?
    • What are risk factors for onchocerciasis?
    • Can onchocerciasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of onchocerciasis?