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- Patient Comments: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Constipation
- Patient Comments: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Diarrhea
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- IBS triggers and prevention facts
- What foods in the diet trigger constipation in IBS?
- What foods in the diet trigger diarrhea in IBS?
- Are stress and anxiety triggers for IBS?
- What drugs trigger IBS?
- Are menstrual pain and IBS related?
- What are the other triggers of IBS?
- How can I prevent triggers for IBS?
Quick GuideIBS - Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Symptoms, Diet, Treatment
Are menstrual pain and IBS related?
Some studies show that many women with IBS have worse symptoms during their menstrual periods. Although the mechanism is not clear, some gastrointestinal cells have receptors for estrogen and progesterone so that changes in the hormone levels during the menstrual cycle may trigger increasing IBS symptoms.
What are the other triggers of IBS?
Other triggers of IBS are variable and differ from person to person. However some other common triggers of IBS are as follows:
- Lack of exercise
- Eating foods too quickly
- Eating while under some other stress such as driving or working
- Eating foods that are very hot or cold
- Chewing gum
People with IBS should keep a journal and record the symptoms and the activities they are doing when IBS symptoms develop. This action can help determine their personal triggers for IBS symptoms.
How can I prevent triggers for IBS?
There are many different ways to help prevent you from triggering IBS symptoms such as:
- Eat a balanced diet with a moderate amount of fiber
- Avoid extremes of food temperatures (very hot or cold foods)
- Do not eat while under anxiety or stressful conditions (while working or driving, for example).
- Avoid foods and drinks that may cause dehydration or diarrhea
- Keep a journal to help identify those foods that are do or do not trigger IBS symptoms.
- Reduce stressors and anxiety; biofeedback, exercise and even probiotics.
- Discuss medications you are taking that may be triggering IBS symptoms with your doctor.
- Avoid those foods and drinks that are likely to increase or trigger IBS symptoms.
- Avoid foods that increase intestinal gas (some legumes and vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts)
Medically reviewed by Avrom Simon, MD; Board Certified Preventative Medicine with Subspecialty in Occupational Medicine
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
UpToDate. Patient information: Irritable bowel syndrome (Beyond the Basics).
UpToDate. Patient information: Gas and bloating (Beyond the Basics).