John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Dr. Anand received MBBS degree from Medical College Amritsar, University of Punjab. He completed his Internal Medicine residency at the Postgraduate Institute of medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. He was trained in the field of Gastroenterology and obtained the DPhil degree. Dr. Anand is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized
by the presence of a cluster of symptoms that includes abdominal pain, altered
bloating (distention), cramping, and food
Irritable bowel syndrome is a "functional" disorder. This term refers to the
changes in the functioning of the digestive system that results in the
collection of symptoms referred to as IBS. Meaning that it is a problem with the
movement (motility) rather than any damage to the tissues of the digestive
In the past, irritable bowel syndrome was also called spastic colon or bowel,
functional bowel disease,
mucous colitis, or nervous colon. IBS is not the same
as colitis, which is a group of separate conditions also referred to as
inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
What causes irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
The exact cause of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is unknown. It is believed
to be due to a number of factors including alteration in the gastrointestinal
(GI) tract motility, abnormal nervous system signals, increased sensitivity to
pain, and food intolerances. Some factors believed to cause IBS include:
Abnormal movements of the colon and
small intestines (too fast or slow, or too strong)
Hypersensitivity to pain from a full
bowel or gas
Food sensitivities, possibly caused by
poor absorption of sugars or acids in food
What Foods Trigger Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?
For many people, careful eating reduces IBS symptoms. Before changing your
diet, keep a journal noting the foods that seem to cause distress. Then discuss
your findings with your doctor. You may want to consult a registered dietitian
who can help you make changes to your diet.