iron supplements

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

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GENERIC NAME: ferrous sulfate

BRAND NAME: Fer-In-Sol, Slow Fe, Feosol, Feratab and many more

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Ferrous sulfate is a dietary supplement that is used for the prevention and treatment of iron-deficiency anemias. It is used as a nutritional supplement in individuals whose dietary intake of iron is not enough to meet the needs of their body. Iron is an important mineral and is a necessary component of red blood cells and for oxygen delivery. Iron supplements replace or replenish iron in the body and allow the transportation of oxygen. Iron salts are available in various formulations including ferrous sulfate, ferrous gluconate, and ferrous fumarate.

PRESCRIPTION: No

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Elixir: 220 mg/5 ml; Solution 75 mg/ml; Syrup: 300 mg/5 ml; Tablets: 325 mg; Delayed release tablets: 324, 325 mg; Extended release tablets: 160, 142 mg.

STORAGE: Iron Supplements should be stored at room temperature, 15 C-30 C (59 F-86 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Ferrous sulfate is used for the treatment and prevention of iron-deficiency anemias.

DOSING: The recommended dietary reference intake (RDA) based on elemental iron is as follows:

  • Individuals 19-50 years : Males 8 mg/day, Females 18 mg/day, Pregnant females 27 mg/day, Breastfeeding females 9 mg/day.
  • Individuals = 50 years: 8 mg/day

For treatment of anemia, the recommended dose expressed as ferrous sulfate is 300 mg every 12 hours and may be increased to 300 mg every 6 hours (regular tablets) or 250 mg daily or every 12 hours (extended release tablets).

The dose for preventing iron deficiency anemia is 300 mg once daily of ferrous sulfate.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Antacids, H2-antagonists (for example, cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine, or nizatidine), pancrelipase, and proton pump inhibitors (for example, omeprazole, lansoprazole, raberprazole, pantoprazole, or esomeprazole) may decrease the absorption of iron supplements.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/9/2014

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