ipratropium bromide inhaler, Atrovent, Atrovent HFA (cont.)
Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
PREPARATIONS: Nasal Inhaler: 0.03 or 0.06%. Oral Inhaler (aerosol): 0.021 mg/spray
STORAGE: Ipratropium should be kept at room temperature, 15-30 C (59-86 F). Excessive humidity should be avoided.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Intranasal ipratropium is used for treating allergic or nonallergic rhinitis and rhinitis due to the common cold. Oral ipratropium is used for treating acute asthma flares and bronchospasms resulting from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (chronic bronchitis or emphysema).
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Use with other anticholinergic drugs (for example, atropine) may increase the occurrence of side effects.
PREGNANCY: Studies of ipratropium in animals have not demonstrated negative effects on the fetus. There have been no studies in humans.
NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known if ipratropium is secreted in breast milk. Other medications in the same class of drugs are secreted into breast milk. It is not known whether the small amounts that may appear in the milk are of any consequence to the infant.
SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects associated with ipratropium are dry mouth, cough, headache, nausea, dizziness, and difficulty breathing. Ipratropium can cause bronchospasms that can be life-threatening. It can also cause rash, itching, or serious allergic reactions involving closure of the airways. Because of its anticholinergic effect it may worsen symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia and narrow-angle glaucoma.
Reference: FDA Prescribing Information
Last Editorial Review: 3/14/2012
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