Insulin for Diabetes Treatment (Types, Side Effects, and Preparations) (cont.)

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Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Symptoms of diabetes include

What are examples of insulin preparations available?

Insulin preparations

Examples of rapid acting insulin

  • Apidra (insulin glulisine): Supplied in a cartridge, vial, prefilled pen (Solostar)
  • Novolog (insulin aspart): Supplied in a cartridge, vial, prefilled pen (FlexPen)
  • Humalog: (insulin lispro): Supplied in a cartridge, vial, prefilled pen (Kwik Pen)

Examples of short acting insulin

  • Novolin R, Humulin R (regular insulin): Supplied in a vial

Examples of intermediate acting insulin

  • Humulin N, Novolin N (NPH): Supplied in a vial, pen (Humulin N pen)

Examples of long acting insulin

  • Lantus (insulin glargine): Supplied in a vial, cartridge (OptiClick), prefilled pen (Solostar)
  • Levemir (insulin detemir): Supplied in a vial, prefilled pen (FlexPen)

For what type of diabetes is insulin prescribed?

Indications for insulin

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Insulin resistance
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Diabetes treatment during pregnancy

What are the side effects of insulin?

Common and Serious Side Effects of Regular Insulin
Common Side Effects Frequency Serious Frequency
Hypoglycemia >40% Severe hypoglycemia n/a
Headache 12% to 35% Allergic reactions n/a
Flu-like symptoms 13% Anaphylaxis n/a
Weight gain 33% Hypokalemia n/a
Lipoatrophy n/a
Itching n/a
Rash n/a
Injection site reaction n/a
* n/a = not available
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/11/2014

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