Insulin for Diabetes Treatment: Types, Side Effects, and Preparations

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What is diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a set of related diseases in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar (specifically, glucose) in the blood.

What are the types of diabetes?

The types of diabetes include:

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Symptoms of diabetes include

What are the various brand names and types of insulin?

Various brand Names | insulin

Drug Class: Antidiabetic agent

Types of insulin

Human insulin preparations (Neutral Protamine Hagedorn or NPH) and regular insulin are made by recombinant DNA technology. The onset of action and duration of action of these insulins do not mimic natural insulin. Therefore, insulin analogs were developed that have faster onset of action and shorter duration of action or longer duration of action with a more uniform action over time. Insulin aspart, lispro, and glulisine are short acting analogs that have an onset of action within 5 to15 minutes and last 2 to 4 hours. Insulin glargine lasts up to 24 hours, and insulin detemir lasts 5.7 to 23.2 hours.

What insulin preparations are available?

Insulin Preparations

Rapid acting insulin

  • Apidra (insulin glulisine): Supplied in a cartridge, vial, prefilled pen (Solostar)
  • Novolog (insulin aspart): Supplied in a cartridge, vial, prefilled pen (FlexPen)
  • Humalog: (insulin lispro): Supplied in a cartridge, vial, prefilled pen (Kwik Pen)
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/9/2013

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